Skimp or splurge?WAYHOME-studio/Shutterstock
Traveling is expensive, so between the exchange rate and foreign transaction fees, you want your money to stretch as far as possible without sacrificing the quality of your trip. The first step: Figure out your budget and then rank what's important to you, says Robert Miller
, president of Travel Advocates, a Hoboken, New Jersey-based travel agency. While it's up to you to determine your personal priorities, Miller says travel agents do have some secret budgeting strategies.
A checked bag—or two—can cost up to $200, which really cuts into a travel budget
. Opt for a capsule wardrobe
—filled with pieces that are easy to mix and match—and pack only the bare necessities. You can find a laundromat or buy almost anything you need at your destination. (Use these pro packing tips to save time and money
.) Budget traveling without a checked bag also means you have more time to explore instead of waiting for lost luggage
! Make sure you have enough room to bring home souvenirs, though.
Splurge: big ticket itemKanyapak-Lim/Shutterstock
This is where personal preference comes into play, says Miller. "I'm a hotel snob," he says. "I'll pay for that instead of first-class airfare any day." Like Miller, some travelers might want to stay in a luxurious hotel with amenities that might be out of their price point at home, like an in-room jacuzzi and a wrap-around balcony. (Check out these outrageously lavish hotel rooms around the world
.) Others might be happy crashing in a hostel, which can run as little as $5 a night, and spend their money on a business class round-trip ticket. Nervous flyers, take note: Extra legroom or amenities in the air might make your travel on the ground run more smoothly. Here's how to get a first-class experience even if you fly coach
Splurge: with your credit cardtuthelens/Shutterstock
For Chase Sapphire card holders, your trip will pay dividends for every dollar you spend on vacation, says Miller. He recommends using a credit card that doesn't charge
foreign transaction fees, and after your trip, apply any cash back to the credit card statement. However, it's always a good idea to carry some local currency on you for small purchases from local vendors. Your bank will likely charge a small exchange rate. Likewise, you can also exchange your money for local currency at your destination, but it might require some haggling to get a good exchange rate
If hotels seem cliché—or are just financially out of reach—travelers should opt for hostels. The prices can range from a few bucks a night to $50 for a private suite, depending on the destination. Hostels outside of the United States tend to be nicer, but websites like HostelWorld can help travelers with planning and booking. To really cut down on costs, some backpackers
might opt to camp on the hostel grounds rather than reserve a cot or bed inside.
Splurging on food doesn't necessarily mean spending a lot of money. Travelers should make an effort to taste the local cuisine, like Cape Malay food in South Africa, or delicacies like guinea pig in Peru
. If you're traveling to a destination where you might not trust the food, like in China, travelers should splurge on restaurants that cater to tourists, says Miller. While those restaurants are likely to be more expensive, it may give you peace of mind—and a calmer stomach. (Here's how to avoid common travelers' illnesses
.) Travelers should aim for an immersive dining experience, a splurge meal with a great view, and a meal that will be a good talking point when you return from your trip, says Miller.
Bike-sharing programs can be found in most major cities, and it's a great way to get exercise on vacation
. Most services offer a flat rate for the day, which will allow you to see as many places as possible. A 24-hour bike rental in Nashville, Tennessee, will cost $5, while a bike in San Francisco will cost $9; any trips longer than 30 minutes will cost extra, so be wary of the time to stay on budget.
Skimp: tourist trapsr.nagy/Shutterstock
You'll be hard-pressed to find a Parisian at the Eiffel Tower or a New Yorker in Times Square
, even though 7 million and 26 million tourists visit those locations, respectively, each year. Some tourist destinations won't give you bang for your buck, especially in pricier cities. Miller suggests pre-planning any sites that are popular or special to your itinerary. Once you arrive at your destination, locals can give you more authentic suggestions and help you skip tourist traps altogether.
Skimp: tour companiesRawpixel.com/Shutterstock
As with tourist attractions, booking with tour companies can be pricier compared to booking similar amenities on your own. Travelers on a budget should inquire at their hostel or hotel about local tour guides to show them around a city. Many cities have free walking tours, where travelers are expected to give a small tip to their guides. If you feel it's important to splurge on a tour company, ask a travel agent to find one based in the country you're visiting. For Machu Picchu visitors, for example, Peruvian-purchased passes for the train and entry to the citadel are cheaper than foreign-purchased passes. You'll save a lot more money by working with locals.
Skimp: taxi serviceEkaterina-Pokrovsky/Shutterstock
Budget-conscious travelers should seek mass transit options to get around. Subways and trains in cities like Buenos Aires and Cape Town will cost about $1 per ride, while fares in cities like Washington, D.C., depend on the distance traveled. (These are some of the best train rides across America
.) Public transportation allows travelers to get a glimpse of what it's like to be a local. Especially in high-traveled areas like New York City, cabs can cost a lot and take longer to get you where you need to be. Overall, public transportation is the fastest and cheapest way to get around, says Miller.