Q: Are all breast implants pretty much the same? kpakook/Shutterstock
A:"Not really," says Lara Devgan, MD
, a plastic surgeon in New York City and an attending plastic surgeon at Lenox Hill Hospital. "If you have your breast augmentation done in the United States by a board-certified plastic surgeon, you can be confident that your implants have passed the rigorous standards of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration." So they are the same in that they have been tested for quality, sterility, durability, and outcomes, and that thousands of women have had a good experience with them. However: "Implants can be smooth or textured, low projection or high projection, round or teardrop-shaped, and filled with cohesive silicone gel, gummy-bear cohesive silicone, or saline." There is no one-size-fits all breast implant, says Dr. Devgan. "The best implant for a given woman depends on her unique anatomic characteristics, as well as her desired results," she says.
Q: What are breast implants filled with?Monkey-Business-Images/Shutterstock
A: "Traditionally people have thought of implants as either silicone—soft and natural feeling, but made from a polymer—or saline, which are filled with salt water, but prone to rippling," Dr. Devgan says. Now, plastic surgeons have added a third category to the mix: Structured Ideal implants
, which are filled with saline but have an internal structural integrity that is supposed to make them look and feel more natural, she says.
Q: Will I know if my silicone-filled breast implant ruptures?Arman-Zhenikeyev/Shutterstock
A: "If a saline implant ruptures, you will know it right away because your breast will flatten," says Dr. Devgan. "But with silicone implants, you might not be immediately aware of a rupture," she says. The newest generation of silicone implants are form stable, meaning that even if you cut the implant, it will retain its normal overall shape (imagine a gummy bear). The downside? "If your implant ruptures, you might not realize it because your breast shape will remain very much the same," says Dr. Devgan. For this reason, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommends
that women with silicone implants get an MRI three years after receiving their implants and every two years thereafter. There are no screening or MRI requirements for women with saline implants.
Q: Will breast implants last forever?papamafia/Shutterstock
A: "They do not last forever, but a broken implant is a very uncommon reason to do a revision," says Los Angeles plastic surgeon Steven Teitelbaum
, MD, an associate clinical professor of plastic surgery at UCLA School of Medicine in Los Angeles. "A more typical reason for revisions are because someone wants to change their size, their breasts have started to droop as a result of time and gravity, or their body makes scar tissue around the implant." Yup, breasts do change
with age. The FDA reports
that one in five women who receive breast implants for cosmetic reasons will have them removed within 10 years—and removal rates are higher for women who get the implants after breast cancer.
Q: Can I breastfeed with breast implants?HTeam/Shutterstock
A: While patients are warned about that they may lose the ability, most women are able to breastfeed following implant surgery, says Dr. Teitelbaum. "I've never seen anyone unable to breastfeed," he says. Another concern about breastfeeding and breast implants can also be put to rest: Women with breast implants shouldn't worry that breastfeeding will cause breast sagging. A study of nearly 120 mothers with breast implants found that breast-feeding did not cause sag. These findings
were presented at a meeting of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. More good news: Silicone from breast implants doesn't seem to affect breast milk
, according to the Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Q: Will breast implants improve my sex life?Ollyy/Shutterstock
A: Maybe. One small but widely reported study
found that women reported their implants did spice up their sex lives. (The only exception was women who developed stretch marks.) There is no consensus about the topic, but some experts speculate that breast implants can boost confidence—which can have spillover effects in the bedroom. For more ways to spark your sex life, check out these 31 tips
Q: Will breast implant obscure cancer on mammograms?Chompoo-Suriyo/Shutterstock
A: "When implants are behind the muscle and soft there shouldn't be a problem," Dr. Teitelbaum says. "Additional views need to be taken, and if the images still aren't clear, you may get an ultrasound or MRI." Choose a facility that regularly sees women with breast implants and always let the radiologist know that you have implants. There is also a slight risk that your breast implants may rupture during a mammogram
, according to doctors at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester. This is largely due to the squeezing involved in capturing breast X-rays.
Q: Do breast implants cause cancer? Sasa-Prudkov/Shutterstock
A: There have been some scary headlines lately linking certain breast implants to a rare type of cancer called anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL)
. ALCL is not breast cancer. "Textured implants are associated with ALCL, but the best research suggests that the implants do not cause it," says Dr. Teitelbaum. "There's a possibility it's bacteria that can hide in the texturing." This is why most surgeons today use an antibiotic during surgery to kill all bacteria. There's no reason to panic, adds Daniel C. Mills, MD, President of the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) and a plastic surgeon in Laguna Beach, Dana Point, and Orange County, California. "This is an extraordinarily rare occurrence," he says.
Q: Do breast implants cause weight gain?Rostislav_Sedlacek/Shutterstock
A: Sort of, says Dr. Mills, but probably not in the way you are thinking. "Breast implants do weigh something," he explains. Look at it this way: 454 grams is one pound, and most women put in 300 and 400 grams per implants. "We are looking at one to two pounds weight gain in the breast area." For women eager to preserve their new shape, check out these 40 fast and easy tips for keeping off the pounds
Q: Are implants the only way to get bigger breasts?Nazarenko-LLC/Shutterstock
No, but they are definitely the most popular. With 290,467 procedures performed in 2016 (up 4 percent from 2015), breast augmentation with implants was the most popular procedure of the year, according to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons
(ASPS). Other ways to enhance the breasts without implants includes fat grafting to the breast (which increased 72 percent from 2015 to 2016, the ASPS reports.) There's also breast autoaugmentation, where a surgeon removes a wedge of breast tissue from the bottom part of the breast and tucks in underneath the rest of the breast tissue. It is typically combined with a breast lift.