But some in the health care community aren’t so sure. Case in point: An interesting paper in this week’s Annals of Internal Medicine, which argues that the test is not a game-changer. “We applaud the FDA’s decision to promote healthy sexual behaviors by making HIV tests more available and convenient,” write authors A. David Paltiel, MD, and Rochelle P. Walensky, MD. “However we doubt that OraQuick will have much effect in either lowering barriers to care or reducing HIV transmission.”
I had the opportunity to learn more about the new test at a luncheon sponsored by its manufacturer, OraSure Technologies, with special guest Magic Johnson, who is working with the company to promote the test and raise awareness for the importance of early detection and treatment of HIV.
After speaking with OraSure CEO Douglas Michels and Magic, my take is this: The OraQuick test is undoubtedly an important milestone in the ability to diagnose HIV in a private home setting and the buzz around its approval and retail store roll-out is a great way to reignite the message of the importance of knowing your HIV status. But would-be test users need to inform themselves about the pros and cons of the test to decide if it’s right for them.
Some key facts to know:
1. The test is only a reliable indicator of your HIV status three months ago. That’s because it takes up to that long for your body to develop antibodies to the virus that the test detects. So if you want to test in response to a potential exposure incident from last week or even last month, this test—nor one given in the doctor’s office, for that matter—can give you that reassurance.
If you are concerned about a specific incident, experts recommend you get tested right away to learn your baseline status, and then again six weeks later.
2. A negative result isn’t a 100 percent guarantee of being HIV-free. The OraQuick home test has a false negative rate of one in 12, which means that one in 12 people who are infected with HIV will get a negative result when they take it. Testing too close to the potential exposure increases these chances. On the other hand, the false positive rate is extremely low (about one in 5,000).
If you test positive, it’s important to see a doctor immediately for further testing to confirm the diagnosis and also to learn the staging of disease so you can get the right treatment ASAP.
3. The test costs $40 and isn’t covered by insurance. There are cheaper ways to learn your status, including through free clinics or through your health care provider, if you have insurance.
Other concerns about the home test involve making sure patients who test positive get immediate emotional and medical treatment; since it’s completely anonymous, there’s no way to ensure people take these crucial next steps. OraQuick does have an anonymous 24-7-365 toll-free phone line with live assistance and comprehensive referral services to help address these issues.
Photo Credit: OraSure Technologies, Inc.
Next page: Magic Johnson on the Problem With the HIV/AIDS Fight