How to Grow Apples and Pears in All Seasons

Late summer ‘Beauty of Bath’, ‘Discovery’, ‘Irish Peach’, ‘Petit Pippin’. Early autumn ‘Greensleeves’ (self-fertile and good pollinator), ‘James Grieve’ (an excellent cropper that grows well in northern regions), ‘Laxton’s Fortune’, ‘Katy’.

Late autumn ‘Egremont Russet’, ‘Lord Lambourne’ (self-fertile and reliable heavy cropper), ‘Meridian’, ‘Sunset’ (similar to ‘Cox’s Orange Pippin’, but more disease-resistant).

Early winter ‘Blenheim Orange’ (good as a cooker and eater), ‘Crispin’, ‘Gala’, ‘Spartan’. Late winter ‘Golden Delicious’ (may be biennial), ‘Kent’, ‘Pixie’, ‘Winston’ (self-fertile). Spring ‘Red Pippin’ (juicy, Cox-like flavor), ‘Granny Smith’, ‘Josephine’, ‘May Queen’.

There are three types of pear, based on the season when they are ripe and ready to eat and their keeping qualities.

Summer and autumn pears don’t store well.

Winter pears are picked in autumn, but will keep until January or February.

Summer pears These ripen in August and September. The best-known are ‘Docteur Jules Guyot’ and ‘Williams Bon Chrétien’.

Autumn pears These are ripe in October and November. This group includes ‘Concorde’, ‘Beurré Hardy’, ‘Joséphine de Malines’ and ‘Doyenné du Comice’.

Winter pears These ripen in October and November, but keep through winter if stored well. ‘Conference’, ‘Winter Nelis’ and ‘Olivier de Serres’ are dessert pears; ‘Catillac’, a culinary pear, keeps until May.

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