Vice Advice: Just How Bad Is Tanning?

So your skin is freckled and worn from a childhood full of sunshine, or you still risk a sunburn a few times each summer. Here, the truth about the damage done, and the repair plan to follow now.

View as Slideshow

What’s the Damage?

iStock/epicurean

Unquestionably some, potentially a lot. If you love (or used to love) maintaining a golden-bronze tan, you’ve unwittingly contributed to the aging of your skin. Sunbathing destroys the fibers that keep your skin looking firm and smooth, which leads to earlier wrinkles, blotches, and freckles. More important, tanning and sunburn contribute significantly to skin cancer. Your odds of developing skin cancer are higher if you have pale skin, blonde or red hair, and/or blue eyes: all signs that your skin has low levels of protective melanin. If you endured three or more blistering sunburns before age 15, you’re at higher risk for melanoma, the most deadly form of skin cancer. Trips to the tanning salon are particularly bad. Tanning beds, which may emit even more UV rays than midday summer sun, don’t give you a “safe” base tan. They actually more than double your risk of skin cancer, according to Brown University Medical School research. While you can’t undo past sun sins, it’s never too late to start doing damage control now. Read on for tips to protect your skin—and even save your life.

Slather on Sunscreen

iStock/Wavebreak

Pick a broad-spectrum brand (which means it protects against both UVA and UVB rays) with SPF 15 or greater (many derms recommend using 30 or greater when you’ll be outside for long stretches). See our favorite sunscreens here.

Apply In Advance

iStock/Nicolas McComber

Rub on sunscreen 30 minutes before you head outdoors—not once you’re already parked at the beach. (This gives your skin time to absorb the lotion’s protective ingredients). Use an ounce—about a shot-glassful—and cover all body parts exposed to the sun. Applying a too-thin layer means you’re skimping on protection, so that SPF 15 or 30 is really acting as far less.

Content continues below ad

Invest in a Broad-Brimmed Crushable Hat

iStock/Lerche&Johnson

One-third of all skin cancers strike above the neck, so it’s wise to wear a hat for extra protection. Each inch of brim may lower your risk of skin cancer by 10 percent! Carry it with you in your purse or tote bag so you can pop it on whenever you step outside.

Use Lip Balm with Sunscreen

iStock/Art-of-Photo

Lips are very sensitive to the sun—and skin cancers on the lips tend to be very aggressive and prone to spread—but we forget to tend to them when we go outside. When you apply sunscreen in the morning before you leave the house, put on some protective lip balm as well.

Buy Celeb-Style Sunglasses

iStock/sergio_kumer

Yes, we’re encouraging you to splurge—especially the 27 percent of Americans who don’t regularly wear sunglasses. UV rays penetrate the internal structures of the eye, according to The Vision Council, and can incur serious vision disorders, including cataracts, eye cancer, and macular degeneration, over time. Make sure your sunglasses protect against both UVA and UVB rays and wear them year-round. Look for a pair that meets the criteria of the American National Standards Institute.

Content continues below ad

See a Derm Every Year

iStock/Susan Chiang

Studies show that a skin doctor is more likely than a family doctor or gynecologist to spot trouble. Your doctor will inspect you for moles, growths, and any other unusual skin changes. If she spots any, she’ll send a small sample to be biopsied to determine whether it’s cancerous or benign.

Do Your Own Skin Checks

iStock/PeopleImages

After a shower, take a hand mirror into a well-lit room and examine your entire body—including between your toes. Becoming familiar with your own birthmarks, moles, and blemishes will allow you to spot worrisome changes between doctor visits.

Watch for Danger Signs

iStock/damiangretka

Classic melanomas may show up as blackish/brownish splotches or moles with irregular edges. But this lethal cancer may also be red, pink, or waxy, or it can be a sore that just won’t heal. Other warning signs include itching, bleeding, sensitivity to touch, or obvious growth. Look for ABCDE as you inspect your moles: Asymmetry, irregular Border, darkening of Color, Diameter (larger than a pencil eraser), and Evolving.

Content continues below ad

Be Careful in the Sun If You Take Medication

iStock/STEEX

Any of the following drugs can make your skin more sensitive to sun damage: tetracycline, sulfa drugs and some other antibiotics; naproxen sodium; tricyclic antidepressants; thiazide diuretics (used for high blood pressure and some heart conditions), and sulfonylureas (a form of oral medication for diabetes). Check with your doctor for any medications you take that could make you more prone to burning.

Eat a Skin-Saving Diet

iStock/stock_colors

Research shows that some foods—like citrus, green tea, carrots, and red bell peppers—may bolster the skin’s defenses against UV damage. Read more about these skin-friendly foods here.


Content continues below ad

Want to stay smart and healthy?

Get our weekly Health Reads newsletter

how we use your e-mail
We will use your email address to send you this newsletter. For more information please read our privacy policy.