20 Cancer Symptoms Women Are Likely to Ignore

Don't join the ranks of patients who realize too late that cancer symptoms they'd ignored could have sounded the alarm earlier, when disease was easier to cure.

By Melanie Haiken | Caring.com senior editor from ThirdAge.com
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    1. Wheezing or shortness of breath

    One of the first signs lung cancer patients remember noticing when they look back is the inability to catch their breath. "I couldn't even walk across the yard without wheezing. I thought I had asthma, but how come I didn't have it before?" is how one woman described it.

    2. Chronic cough or chest pain

    Several types of cancer, including leukemia and lung tumors, can cause symptoms that mimic a bad cough or bronchitis. One way to tell the difference: The problems persist, or go away and come back again in a repeating cycle. Some lung cancer patients report chest pain that extends up into the shoulder or down the arm.

    Also on ThirdAge.com: Menopause Symptoms May Prevent Breast Cancer

    3. Frequent fevers or infections

    These can be signs of leukemia, a cancer of the blood cells that starts in the bone marrow. Leukemia causes the marrow to produce abnormal white blood cells, which crowd out healthy white cells, sapping the body's infection-fighting capabilities. Often, doctors finally catch leukemia in older adults after the patient has been in a number of times complaining of fever, achiness, and flu-like symptoms over an extended period of time.

    4. Difficulty swallowing

    Most commonly associated with esophageal or throat cancer, having trouble swallowing is sometimes one of the first signs of lung cancer, too.

    5. Swollen lymph nodes or lumps on the neck, underarm, or groin

    Enlarged lymph nodes indicate changes in the lymphatic system, which can be a sign of cancer. For example, a lump or an enlarged lymph node under the arm is sometimes a sign of breast cancer. A painless lump on the neck, underarm, or groin can be an early sign of leukemia.

    6. Excessive bruising or bleeding that doesn't stop

    This symptom usually suggests something abnormal happening with the platelets and red blood cells, which can be a sign of leukemia. One woman with leukemia described bruising in strange places, such as on her fingers and hands, as well as red spots on her face, neck, and chest. Another noticed bleeding gums. The explanation: Over time, leukemia cells crowd out red blood cells and platelets, impairing the blood's ability to carry oxygen and clot.

    7. Weakness or fatigue

    "I kept having to sit down at work, and one night I was too tired to drive home," said one woman in describing the fatigue that led her to discover she had leukemia. Generalized fatigue and weakness is a symptom of so many different kinds of cancer that you'll need to look at it in combination with other symptoms. But any time you feel exhausted without explanation and it doesn't respond to getting more sleep, talk to your doctor.

    Also on ThirdAge.com: Physical Exercise May Improve Cancer Treatment

    8. Bloating or abdominal weight gain -- the "my jeans don't fit" syndrome

    While this might sound too common a phenomenon to be considered a cancer symptom, consider this: Women diagnosed with ovarian cancer overwhelmingly report that unexplained abdominal bloating that came on fairly suddenly and continued on and off over a long period of time (as opposed to for a few days each month with PMS) is one of the main ways they knew something was wrong.

    9. Feeling full or unable to eat

    This is another tip-off to ovarian cancer; women say they have no appetite and can't eat, even when they haven't eaten for some time. Any woman who experiences noticeable bloating or weight gain numerous times (the diagnostic criteria is more than 13 times over the period of a month) -- especially if it's accompanied by pelvic pain or feeling overly full -- should call her doctor and ask for a pelvic ultrasound.

    10. Pelvic or abdominal pain

    Taken by itself, pelvic pain can mean a lot of things. In fact, because it's a common symptom of fibroids, ovarian cysts, and other reproductive tract disorders, doctors don't always think of cancer when you describe pelvic pain. Make sure your doctor looks at all possible explanations and does a full exam, since pain and cramping in the pelvis and abdomen can go hand in hand with the bloating that often signals ovarian cancer. Leukemia can also cause abdominal pain resulting from an enlarged spleen.

    11. Rectal bleeding or blood in stool

    "I thought it was hemorrhoids" is one of the most common things doctors hear when diagnosing colorectal cancer. Blood in the toilet alone is reason to call your doctor and schedule a colonoscopy.

    12. Unexplained weight loss

    If you notice the pounds coming off and you haven't made changes to your diet or exercise regime, you need to ask why. Weight loss is an early sign of colon and other digestive cancers; it's also a sign of cancer that's spread to the liver, affecting your appetite and the ability of your body to rid itself of wastes.

    13. Upset stomach or stomachache

    As simple as it sounds, a good old-fashioned bellyache is what tipped off a number of lucky folks, whose doctors ordered ultrasounds and discovered early that they had tumors on their livers. Stomach cramps or frequent upset stomachs may indicate colorectal cancer; many cancer patients say their doctors thought they had ulcers.

    14. A red, sore, or swollen breast

    Everyone knows to check for lumps in the breasts, but too often overlooked are symptoms closer to the surface, which can indicate inflammatory breast cancer. Some women described noticing cellulite-like dimpled skin on an area of the breast. Others noticed that a breast felt swollen, hot, or irritated. Red or purplish discoloration is also cause for concern. Call your doctor about any unexplained changes to your breasts.

    15. Nipple changes
    One of the most common changes women remember noticing before being diagnosed with breast cancer is a nipple that began to appear flattened, inverted, or turned sideways. "My nipple started looking like it was turned inside out," said one woman. In addition, inflammatory breast cancer also causes nipple problems, such as itchy, scaly, or crusty skin on the nipple -- so take any nipple changes seriously.

    Also on ThirdAge.com: Breast Cancer Prevention: A Top 10 List

    16. Unusually heavy or painful periods or bleeding between periods

    Many women reported this as the tip-off to endometrial or uterine cancer. Unfortunately, many women also said their doctors weren't responsive, overlooking or misdiagnosing their complaints as normal perimenopause. Ask for a transvaginal ultrasound if you suspect something more than routine heavy periods.

    17. Swelling of facial features

    Some patients with lung cancer report noticing puffiness, swelling, or redness in the face. The explanation for this is that small cell lung tumors commonly block blood vessels in the chest, preventing blood from flowing freely from the head and face.

    18. A sore or skin lump that doesn't heal, becomes crusty, or bleeds easily

    Most of us know to watch moles for changes that might indicate skin cancer. But other signs, such as small waxy lumps or dry scaly patches, are easier to miss. Familiarize yourself with the different types of skin cancer -- melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma -- and be vigilant about checking skin all over the body for odd-looking growths or spots.

    19. Changes in nails

    Unexplained changes to the fingernails can be a sign of several types of cancer. A brown or black streak or dot under the nail can indicate skin cancer, while newly discovered "clubbing" -- enlargement of the ends of the fingers, with nails that curve down over the tips -- can be a sign of lung cancer. Pale or white nails can be an indication that your liver is not functioning properly, sometimes a sign of liver cancer.

    20. Pain in the back or lower right side

    As vague as this sounds, many cancer patients say this was the first sign of liver cancer, known as one of the "silent killers" (another is ovarian cancer). Breast cancer is also often diagnosed via back pain, which can occur when a breast tumor presses backward into the chest, or when the cancer spreads to the spine or ribs.

    Your Comments

    • zorrewe jefferson

      My mom has sone of these sighs thsts what scares me the most….

    • grevyturty

      Why would a woman ever complain about losing weight??

    • Erin Maureen Lobis

      I have a lot of these symptoms but I’m also 6 months pregnant… so.. that’s probably why, right?

      • Kay

        What does your doctor(s) say about it/them?

    • Kristine Louise Byrd

      I complained of several of these, back pain, tiredness, fatigue, pelvic pain, loss of appetite, plus I was throwing up everyday, I had uterine cancer turns out.

    • hangontite2000

      My symptoms started as having difficulty swallowing and a change in my voice. The doctor said he didn’t notice the change in my voice even with my daughters telling him that isn’t my mom’s voice. I lost 54 lbs in 6 mos from the swallowing issue, was sent to GI dr who did a scope and found nothing. Nothing obvious from outside. Finally after all these months a nurse practitioner ordered a thyroid ultrasound which showed what looked like 3 separate tumors. I had surgery and it was one tumor so long that it wrapped around my esophagus and extended down behind my breast bone. Of course they removed thyroid but accidently also removed parathyroids which make me also have to take large doses of calcium. But at least i’m cancer free

    • Second Opionion

      I had a friend that passed away from breast cancer. Her initial tumor was nearly the size of a golf ball. She was nursing a baby at the time and the doctor had told her on multiple occaisions this was a plugged milk duct and not to worry.
      When it was determined to be cancer, my first thought was law suit. When I brought this up, she and her husband told me, the answer was no. If she was really concerned she could have sought a second opinion.
      This answer shook me to my core initially, but then I realized the advice they received made sense to me. At some point in our lives, we do have to take some responsibility for our own health.
      Yes the outcome was a tragedy for her and her family. I still miss her to this day. But she taught me a valuable lesson. If you truly “feel” something is not right and you’re not getting anywhere with your doctor, see another one. It’s your body, your life. Take charge of your own health care.

    • Caretaker

      For Lung Cancer – yes, please do check for the shortness of breathe..don’t dismiss it as “it’s too hot, humid.” Any coughing, change of your cough – sounds much deeper. Any changes to your voice, if it becomes raspy, “froggy” / laryngitis voice. AND when you do visit your doctor, make darn sure he orders the x-ray – that he does not dismiss this as bronchitus – simply sends you off with a script of Z-Pak!

    • Nada

      I went to at least 5 different doctors when I started getting super heavy, super painful periods that would last for weeks at a time. None of them took me seriously. They’d press on my stomach a little bit and say “Feels normal. You’re only 24. It’s just normal hormone changes or stress from work. You’ll be fine.” Out of options, I went to the Planned Parenthood clinic near my house, and they finally actually looked at my problem and listened to what I was saying. They did a pap smear and an abdominal ultrasound, and discovered I had early-stage cervical and ovarian cancer. I’m very lucky it was caught when it was, or it could have easily spread. I wish more doctors would actually listen to what we as patients tell them, and not pretend they know it all.

    • Sick of being sick

      Dear Readers Digest – many women DO NOT ignore these symptoms – DOCTORS IGNORE THEM!!!!
      Like many posters, I’ve experienced my fair share of the symptoms listed here. And, like others, my concerns were dismissed by doctors who attributed them to “stress,” “periomenopause,” etc. With a history of cancer in my immediate family, I am very conscientious about yearly pap smears and other annual checkups, in addition to getting regular exercise and eating right. But I have had many bad experiences with doctors who just want you in and out of their offices asap. I had one doctor who failed to contact me after the results of my pap were abnormal. Her staff just filed away the results, where they stayed until I called to renew a prescription three months later. Why didn’t I call to find out early what those results were? Because the doctor’s staff told me that “if we don’t contact you after your pap, it means your test results were normal.” And they wonder why their malpractice rates are so high.

    • Daphne Wallace-Edwards

      My daughter has had cancer of the reproductive organs since 16. She is 26 now. Her son is eight, and before he was born, she was supposed to start chemo but didn’t after a year, she got sporadic exams/burnings. Recently, a new doctor said that he would not see her again, until she paid off the Initial visit’s $150.00 bill. A Travesty! ANYWAY_ people- go to a county Hospital’s E.R., and say- I don’t know what is wrong, and get a scan, and then go to the finance department, and make a deal. Medicaid pays’ for emergency Medical bills! don’t be prideful! This is s afight for your LIFE! Quit work, live with a relative, and get SSI. REST and EAT- until better, nothing ELSE! BUT no sugar, or alcohol/cigarettes. We will know by middle of July if my daughter will be in trouble, again. Please pray!