What It’s Like to Punch a Shark

A few things went through my mind. The first was, Wow, that’s a very large shark. Second, It’s coming right for me.

By Ben Ruttenberg from Discover
Also published in Reader's Digest Magazine April 2014

shark and scuba diverSilja Goetz for Reader’s Digest

In the Galápagos, there are three common species of sharks. They’re usually not very threatening; they just cruise around. In the early 2000s, some colleagues and I were in about 25 feet of water, counting juvenile fish on the reef. I looked up, and there was a very large shark directly in front of me, and it was heading right for me. A few things went through my mind. The first was, Wow, that’s a very large shark. Second, It’s coming right for me. And third, I do not recognize this. It was not one of the three common species. It was bigger than most of the things I had seen down there. I’d never heard of anything where the species headed straight for a person.

Sharks have a lot of sensory organs on the ventral side of their snout, and I had read that they are very sensitive there, and if you grab that spot, they will stop doing whatever they are doing. So when the shark swam up to me, I essentially punched it with the palm of my hand, underneath its snout. Then the shark and I sat there. It felt like two or three weeks that we hung out. And then it flicked its tail and vanished. The entire thing happened in less than five seconds. We called the boat to come get us. I’ve never swum so fast.

I later looked through all the guidebooks to figure out what kind of shark I had seen. All the shark photos are taken from the side because that’s how people see them—they don’t usually get the front view of a shark. But I’m 99 percent certain that what I saw was a bull shark, which is one of the most aggressive shark species in the world. Sometimes they’ll swim up and bump you. It’s partly territoriality, and it’s partly them investigating you, trying to figure out what you are. I know plenty of people who have been bumped by bull sharks but no one who’s gotten to look at them face-to-face like that. I’m still not sure whether the shark thought I was a sea lion or whether it was just curious. It may have just thought I was a girl shark and wanted to check me out.

As told to Jenny Blair. Ben Ruttenberg 
is an assistant professor of marine biology 
at California Polytechnic State University. He scuba dives to study fisheries and map out reefs.