15 Training Secrets Dog Trainers Won’t Tell You for Free
Our lovable, furry companions can be mischievous and naughty at times. The knee-jerk reaction is to shout "No!" or "Bad Dog!" but let's face it, that rarely works. So we asked certified dog trainers to share some of their best training secrets, and we found it's easier than you might think to get the results you want.
Offer high-value rewards
There's nothing wrong with a well-deserved "Good boy!" and tummy rub, but they're simply not as rewarding as that coveted, freeze-dried liver or another delicious doggie treat. You just need to find out what treat your dog will go crazy for when performing new or preferred behaviors. "Exploring your dog's high-value food rewards is a lot of fun and part of the process," says Russell Hartstein, certified dog behaviorist and trainer and CEO of Fun Paw Care. "Always carry a pouch or bag with your puppy's daily allocation of food and lots of treats in it to teach your dog appropriate new behaviors." Just be sure to consider these treats as part of your dog's daily food allotment, or you may wind up with an overweight pup on your hands. Got puppy fever? Find out how much a pup could cost you.
Train in a boring environment
Ever try teaching your fur baby something new at the dog park or while interacting with people? It probably didn't go as well as expected. Here's why: Too much distraction. "Initially, as with any new behavior, you want to start in a boring, non-distracting environment, typically a room inside your home with no toys, with your dog on a leash," says Hartstein. And keep those high-value treats handy for rewards. Don't miss these 50 secrets your pet won't tell you.
Stop yanking on the leash
Are you walking with your dog or is your dog walking you? If it's the latter, forget about yanking the leash. It won't work. "Dogs have an opposition reflex. You pull back, and they pull forward. They are not being stubborn or difficult. It's built into the way a dog is designed," says Hartstein. In other words, if a dog pulls and gets to where it wants to go, the dog is rewarded and will continue the behavior. The solution? Head back inside for some walking on the leash. "After your dog has walked successfully next to you many times in your home, advance to the backyard, then the front yard, then a few houses down, and etc.," suggests Hartstein. Reward them for walking close to you. Find out the 53 mistakes every dog owner makes.
Paws on the floor, please
We're all suckers for cute puppies, and they're just as excited to jump on us to receive the attention we give them. It may seem rude, but it's important to tell everyone your fur baby comes into contact with that your pup is in training and they should only pay attention to him/her when they have settled down with all four paws on the floor. "When a new person wants to greet my puppy I ask my puppy to sit (or stand) and then offer them treats while the person is petting them," says Hartstein. Here are 13 amazing facts you never knew about your pooch.
"Leave it" is better
Dogs are attracted to things that repulse us, like food that fell out of a garbage can or goose poop. Besides being gross, objects dogs pick up are potentially harmful. Harstein says the "leave it" command is more effective than "drop it." It makes sense—"leave it" is preventative, while "drop it" means it's already too late. Again, practice in a boring environment and not on the street where distractions abound. "I do many iterations of a behavior before we walk on the overstimulating and distracting streets where a dog may pick up something dangerous or unwanted," says Hartstein. Find out the foods your dog should never eat.
Digging is a natural and fun activity for dogs—we just don't appreciate it when they do it in our yards or gardens. The solution for dogs that love to dig is to give them a place to do it. "Set up a sandbox or a designated area where you encourage and reward your dog for digging. That will also keep them out of your vegetable garden or flower bed," suggests Hartstein. You may even want to hide a few toys in the dirt for them to find as a way to reward them for digging in their designated spot. Here are 15 things you need before you get a new puppy.
Teach them where to poop
You're a good parent and always have poop bags on hand but it's still kind of embarrassing when your dog pops a squat on your neighbor's front lawn while they're sitting on the front porch. Luckily, there's a simple solution. Just teach them where to poop. "Guide your dog to an area where you want them to poop, wait a few minutes, and don't play or speak with them. Allow them to sniff and do their business and reward them heavily for eliminating by immediately giving them many high-value food rewards," says Harstein. Make sure you also know these etiquette rules all dog owners should follow.
Let them linger after peeing or pooping
It may be easier to open the door and let your pup out for a quick potty break, but you'll end up with poop land mines everywhere. "Keep your dog on a leash so that they get used to eliminating when you are close by," says Hartstein. The trick is to reward them with high-value treats when they go, but don't rush back inside the second they are done, which is often seen as a punishment, and dogs quickly learn to hold it in, so they don't have to go back inside. "Instead, have them poop immediately after going outside and then take them for a nice long walk as an additional reward for going pee and poop on cue in your preferred location," suggests Harstein.
Calm their fears
We expect dogs to bark when they're excited or if someone knocks on the door, but a vacuum or hair dryer? Why would they bark at an inanimate object? Donna Culbert, dog trainer, CPDT-KA, and owner of Donna's Do Right Dogs, says barking is also a way dogs communicate fear. "Dogs typically bark at vacuum cleaners and blow dryers because they make loud noises and they move. Sometimes your dog's prey drive kicks and he must hunt down the Dyson in the living room! Slow desensitization will help your dog acclimate to it," Culbert says. To do this, leave the object (unplugged and powered off) in a room with treats sprinkled around it and let your pooch investigate it on its own time. Then, pick up the object and move it around, away from your dog, giving treats for calm behavior. Next, turn the object on, but keep it stationary. Once your dog has accepted the object under all those circumstances, reward them for calm behavior and you should be able to use the object without any barking.
The reward must equal the joy
What kind of reward is it if the command "Come!" is followed by going inside and being told to lie down? Culbert says the reward must equal the joy of the activity your dog is leaving. For example, chasing cars is fun, especially for herding breeds, but since they're not exactly herding sheep in the meadow, it's not safe. "Instead, pair your 'come' command with a squeaky toy or ball and then have your dog chase you. When he reaches you, play tug for a minute and then let him have the toy," says Culbert. Find out the 11 superpowers dogs have...that you don't.