First, understand feeling lonely is not an illness, it's a state of mind
Loneliness is not a condition to be treated but rather a natural part of the human experience. And that's a good thing says Mayra Mendez, PhD, LMFT, program coordinator of mental health services at Providence Saint John's Child and Family Development Center in Santa Monica, California. "The most helpful thing to know about loneliness is that it isn't something that happens to you, it's something you can control," she says. "It's okay to be lonely sometimes, it doesn't mean there's something wrong with you."
Do a little good
Serving other people is one of the best ways not to feel lonely and even make some lifelong friends, Mendez says. Volunteering at a local school or library, knitting blankets for babies at the hospital, bringing meals to the elderly, being a Big Brother/Big Sister, teaching a scout troop—the options are endless. Service will get you out in the community and help you feel like you're making a real difference: two essential things for living a full, happy life.
Skip boring small talk
Mendez has three simple rules when it comes to starting a conversation with a potential friend (and everyone can be a potential friend!): First, talk about your shared experience. Whether you're waiting for a bus, in a long line at the store or working out at the gym, you're both doing something right? Talk about that. Second, keep it simple and light. There's no need to spill your whole life story. Third, skip news and politics. No one wants to hear a diatribe! Check out these tips to avoid awkward conversations.
Find something to be passionate about
What do you do that gets you out of bed in the morning? What events make you excited for the future? Anything that gives your life meaning and happiness is a great way to connect in a very authentic way with other people. For many people, their job is their passion, Mendez says, but it doesn't have to be. Hobbies like an outdoor sport, crafting, singing, or cars all offer opportunities to make new friends while improving your skills and having fun. The best part? You already know you have something in common to talk about!
Embrace your spirituality
Religion can be a great way to connect with like-minded people and become part of a close-knit, loving community. But even if you're not particularly religious, you can still bond with people on a spiritual level, Mendez says. It's about recognizing the things we all have in common as human beings living on this planet and building from there.
Be a good friend
iStock/Jacob Ammentorp Lund
It takes one to know one. Part of not being lonely is not taking for granted the people that are already in your life, Mendez says. It can be tempting to focus on the faults of long-time friends or family members but if they've been in your life this long, it's likely for good reason. So take time to note what you love about your current social circle—and be sure to let them know it too. Here are 24 little ways to be a true friend.
Give a compliment
Want to immediately brighten someone else's day? Give them a quick compliment. Bonus: It will make you feel at least as happy as it does them. Our society can feel so sterile and anonymous that just this little act of reaching out—"I really like your shoes" or "you're doing a great job"—can be a ray of sunshine that pierces through loneliness long after its given.
Take a class
Free or cheap classes on a wide range of topics are generally available through community centers or local colleges. Not only will it get you involved with other people but you'll be learning something new as well. At best you'll meet some cool people, at worst you'll still have something interesting to talk about in the future.
Get treatment for mental health issues
Social anxiety and depression are very real and can be incredibly isolating. Loneliness on its own isn't an illness but if you're constantly feeling down and left out then it may be a sign of a bigger mental issue, Mendez says, and it's important you get professional treatment. Left alone, depression, anxiety, and loneliness can turn into a vicious cycle, each magnifying the other feeling until you're sucked into a vortex of despair. These are hidden signs of depression you shouldn't ignore.
Chat up a stranger
We're surrounded by people all day yet nothing can feel lonelier than being alone in a crowd. The good news is that you're definitely not the only one who feels isolated even in groups and reaching out to those people can provide a lifeline for both of you. A light conversation can be great but don't stress if you're not a natural extrovert—when it comes to banishing loneliness it doesn't have to be much, Mendez says. A simple "hello" or even just a smile while making eye contact builds an instant connection that will make both of you feel seen. This is what expert minglers naturally do when they meet new people.