13 Tax Secrets Every Smart Homeowner Should Know
Just when you thought your taxes were predictable, Congress passed the most dramatic tax reform seen in three decades. Everyone will be affected when filing 2018 taxes, homeowners even more so. Here are the tax secrets homeowners need to know.
Changes to deductible mortgage interest
Your mortgage is deductible, but “you can only claim the deduction if you choose to itemize,” explains Starra Sherrin, CPA at ezTaxReturn. If you bought your home in 2018, you can deduct the interest paid on mortgages up to $750,000, per the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). The previous limit was up to $1 million. “If you bought your home or were under contract by December 15, 2017, and closed by April 1, 2018, the new limit doesn’t apply to you,” Sherrin adds. Check out our 10-step plan to buying your first house.
Property taxes are capped for 2018
“Homeowners used to be able to deduct all of the property taxes they paid over the course of a year, but now that deduction is limited to $10,000 and that limit includes state income taxes, too,” explains Andrea Coombes, tax specialist for NerdWallet. That combined $10,000 deduction limit applies to your state and local property taxes and personal state and local income taxes. “That could be a nasty surprise, especially for people in high-tax states like California and New York.” Find out what your tax accountant won’t tell you for free.
Earn non-taxable income for renting your home out for 14 days
“You can rent out all or part of your home for up to 14 days per year and all the rental income you receive is tax-free, no matter how much you earn,” shares Pennsylvania-based CPA, Randy Tarpey. “This is a great benefit in our area as Penn State football games bring in lots of fans, and Airbnb rates are very attractive to local homeowners.”
Moving expenses are no longer deductible
Previously, taxpayers could deduct moving expenses if they met the IRS criteria of moving at least 50 miles from their old home. For 2018, moving deductions are eliminated for everyone except individuals in the armed forces. Find out 22 things tax experts wish you knew about the new tax law.
Casualty losses deductions suspended until 2026
Prior to 2018, taxpayers were able to deduct any casualty losses not reimbursed by home insurance, such as damage from a fire, theft, accident, or a natural disaster. However, for 2018 through 2025, TCJA suspends this deduction with one caveat: if the damage occurred in an event officially declared a major disaster by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), such as the recent Camp Fires in California or Hurricane Michael in Alabama, casualty losses may still be deducted. (FEMA’s list also includes less catastrophic events, so it’s worth double-checking to see if the damage was caused by an official “major disaster.”) Don’t let these home insurance mistakes cost you thousands.
Say goodbye to deductible interest on home equity loans
“The new tax law suspends the deduction for home equity interest from 2018 to 2026,” says Lisa Greene-Lewis, CPA and TurboTax tax expert. There are several exceptions to this new law, though, shares the IRS. If the loan is used to buy, build, or substantially improve your home, then you can still write off the interest, but if you are using the loan to pay off credit card debt, you are out of luck. “Deductible home improvements projects include additions, a new roof or kitchen renovations,” adds Greene-Lewis. Here are 11 home improvement projects you can do yourself.
Homeowners can exclude gains from a residential sale
Did you sell your home and make a killing this year? That’s great—and it gets even better: you don’t have to report property gains from the sale of your primary residence, says Levar Haffoney the principal at Fayohne Advisors, a New York advisory firm. “Single filers can exclude up to $250,000 and joint filers can exclude up to $500,000,” he says. Find out the 15 tax mistakes that could cost you hundreds of dollars.
Keep receipts to reduce future taxable gain
What if you stand to profit too much on your home sale and go above the $250,000 limit for singles filers and the $500,000 limit for joint filers? You can still keep money in your pocket, explains Abby Eisenkraft, an IRS enrolled agent, at Choice Tax Solutions. “Keep all of your receipts for the improvements and additions you do for your home,” she says. “Yes, you might keep your house 25 years and rack up a lot of receipts, but all of the improvements you do will add to your cost basis, and reduce your taxable gain.” Check out these 15 secrets to locking down the sale of your home faster.
No more tax deductions for occasional work-from-home employees
In the past, home office tax deductibles were available to all employees, not just those who were self-employed. Prior to 2018, employees could deduct any business expenses as long as the total cost was greater than 2 percent of your adjusted gross income. For 2018, though, employees cannot write off unreimbursed employee expenses, including home office use along with auto and travel expenses, and work clothes.
Self-employed taxpayers can still deduct home office expenses, though
New to the freelance world? If you are a self-employed or an independent contractor who conducts your principal business in one area of your home (read: an office space that’s entirely your own and the kids don’t do their homework there, too), then you can write it off on your taxes. The IRS makes this itemized deduction simple by allowing the calculation of $5 per square foot of home used for business (maximum 300 square feet).
Solar panels still offer great tax credits
Going green can still add more green to your taxes. “Homeowners can take a tax credit for installing solar panels used to generate electricity or to heat water. The tax credit is 30 percent of the costs to buy and to install the solar energy equipment,” says William Perez, tax analyst for FitSmallBusiness.com. This Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit is applicable for solar water heating, small wind turbines, fuel cells, and geothermal heat pumps as well. But hurry because the tax credit decreases to 26 percent in 2020.
Mortgage points are deductible
Certain mortgage points that you paid when you purchased the house (or those that the seller paid for you) may be deductible if you meet certain requirements, shares Lisa Greene-Lewis, CPA and TurboTax tax expert. These requirements include that the loan is for your primary residence, paying points is usual for your area, or the loan was used to buy, improve, or build your home under IRS guidelines. Here are surprising costs every new homeowner should know.
Write off medically-necessary home improvements
If you need to add ramps or widen a doorway in your home to accommodate an ailing parent in a wheelchair, those improvements can be deducted from your income as medical expenses if they are medically necessary, Lewis shares with Reader’s Digest. Taxpayers who want to take advantage of this deduction must itemize their tax return and must exceed 10 percent of your adjusted gross income. Read on for 13 secrets an IRS agent won’t tell you about tax planning.