Covered Bridges of Blount County, Alabama
Lovers of old-fashioned covered bridges can find a trove of these historic spans on the back roads of Alabama, where 10 19th- and early 20th-century examples are still in daily use. Each wooden bridge is unique in style and size, and the oldest predate the Civil War.
A good place to start a tour is Oneonta, the county seat of Blount County and Alabama's Covered Bridge Capital. From Oneonta you can easily drive to three scenic bridge sites. Easley Bridge (1927) is a single-span 95-foot-long tin-roofed bridge over Dub Branch creek in the community of Rosa. Swann Bridge (c. 1933, shown here), originally named Joy Bridge, crosses the Black Warrior River; at 324 feet, it's the longest of the covered bridges remaining in Alabama. Horton Mill Bridge (1935) also spans the Black Warrior. Rising 70 feet above the river gorge, it's not only the nation's highest covered bridge over water but also the first Southern bridge listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Tonto Natural Bridge State Park, Arizona
A fluke of nature created by millennia of rock melting, shifting, settling, and finally eroding away, Tonto Natural Bridge is a 400-foot-long tunnel cut through by burbling Pine Creek. It is the world's largest bridge formed of travertine (calcareous rock deposited by mineral springs), measuring 183 feet tall and up to 150 feet wide and looming over a picturesque canyon.
The canyon and its star attraction were discovered in 1877 by a Scottish prospector named David Gowan, who hid in one of the area's many caves while on the run from Apaches; he later moved his family here. Today visitors take in the canyon and bridge from lookouts as well as the trails. Check out these stunning photos of America's national parks.
Natural Bridges State Beach, California
A Monarch butterfly grove at Natural Bridges State Beach protects over 100,000 butterflies each winter. The butterflies come from somewhere west of the Rockies (no one is sure just where), but every September they return to the same spot. When the magnificent Monarchs move on, usually in late December, plenty of marvels remain: shore birds diving and soaring, whales plying migratory passages, and seals and sea otters amusing themselves just offshore. In the spring native wildflowers bloom in the coastal scrub meadows along Moore Creek as it winds its way toward the sea. Low tides reveal sea stars, crabs, and sea anemones. These 10 beaches have the clearest water in the world.
White Clay Creek State Park, Delaware
A pedestrian bridge spans a stream in a park where hikers and mountain bikers find 37 miles of serene and scenic trails. Hikers can explore valleys and impressive rock outcrops on those trails. The Millstone Trail shows where grindstones were once quarried from the exposed boulders. In the spring, fishermen like to cast for trout from the banks of a creek that runs alongside the park. And in the winter, the slopes provide fine tobogganing.
McBryde Garden, National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii
Penobscot Narrows Bridge and Observation Deck, Maine
Next door, Fort Knox State Historic Site showcases a well-preserved example of a 19th-century stone fort, and the nearby town of Bucksport has shops and restaurants as well as a good view of the bridge spanning the river.
Bollinger Mill State Historic Site, Missouri
The present-day mill dates from 1867 and was built by Solomon Burford on the site—and atop the original foundation—where George F. Bollinger had first built a mill in 1800.
The 140-foot-long Howe truss bridge, originally built of yellow poplar, was be gun in 1858, but completion was delayed by the Civil War. The bridge was restored in 1998 and is open to pedestrians only. Grounds and covered bridge open daily year-round.
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Old Chain of Rocks Bridge, Missouri
At 24 feet wide and just more than a mile in length, the Old Chain of Rocks Bridge lays claim to being one of the longest pedestrian and bicycle bridges in the world. Opened to traffic in 1929, this marvel crosses one of the most historic and scenic sections of the Mississippi River, connecting Missouri to Illinois.
Once part of the fabled Route 66, the bridge is famed for a unique 22-degree turn at its midpoint. The bridge was closed in 1968 when a new structure was built to serve I-270. It sat abandoned and decaying until 1999, when it was restored and reopened, thanks to a preservation group.
Today, the Old Chain of Rocks Bridge has a new life as a nature and recreation trail. There you’ll see panoramic views of the St. Louis skyline, and the river views reveal the inspiration for the bridge’s name: a collection of rocky shoals just to the south that create a waterfall-like effect at low water levels.
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Ashtabula County Covered Bridges, Ohio
Though the amount of covered bridges in the nation is declining, Ohio’s number continues to rise, with the construction of the country’s longest covered bridge, in Ashtabula. Because roofs protect the bridges, they are durable enough to survive the damaging effects of time and the elements. Many of the bridges throughout Ashtabula County have survived for more than a century needing only minimal repairs.
A self-guiding driving trail is the best way to see all of the bridges. Maps of the trail are available at the Ashtabula County Convention and Visitors Bureau in Austinburg.
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Natural Bridge, Rogue River National Forest, Oregon
Natural Bridge is seen best during summertime periods of low water but is also a spectacular sight when the Rogue submerges it in swift white water rapids. The bridge is a large, intact lava tube that channels the river underground for about 200 feet before the waters resurface.
Its origins date back to the eruption of Mount Mazama, which formed Crater Lake nearly 7,000 years ago and sent lava flows raging across the surrounding countryside. As their surfaces cooled and hardened, tunnels formed underneath.
Natural Bridge campground has sites for tents and small trailers, each with a picnic table and grill. There are several hiking trails, including one to Woodruff Bridge, which is a favorite spot for catching rainbow trout. Wading in the waters is permitted, but avoid the opening near Natural Bridge; the slippery and smooth surface can be dangerous.
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