First up, why do we have the TSA?
anucha-maneechote/ShutterstockYou already know that TSA stands for Transportation Security Administration (or if you didn't, now you do), but apart from the obvious—checking for off-limits items—do you know what role they play in the travel industry? Philip Farina, CPP a safety and security advisor at Farina and Associates, Ltd., explains, "While transportation systems are vast, the bulk of TSA's efforts are focused on aviation. They accomplish their mission using a combination of well-trained technicians who are skilled in customer service, communications, and document fraud, access-control devices such as scanners, signage, metal detectors, CCTV, X-ray machines and chemical/vapor sensing devices, and finally a set of processes and procedures that allows engagement with customers while providing increased levels of security." In other words, they're always on the lookout to make sure you get from point A to point B without a scratch or in any danger. By the way, the results are in: These are the best and worst domestic airlines.
Red Flag #1: Talking about weapons
jassada-watt/ShutterstockYou might think it's A-okay to be chatty with an officer, or you think you're just being friendly, but asking any questions related to weapons, firearms, explosives, or other dangerous, prohibited items puts you on the TSA's radar. "While we do have freedom of speech in the United States, any mention of these items while in the airport or security lines can you you pulled and questioned," Farina says. These "rude" American habits are actually fine in other countries.
Red Flag #2: Traveling with coffee
Tatree-Saengmeeanuphab/ShutterstockSome people lug back shot glasses, others magnets or keychains, but if your token souvenir from your travels is a lot of java, travel editor and associate manager at hotwire.com, Geena Marcelia says your coffee addiction could make you a target for TSA. "Apparently, the strong smell of coffee is also used to mask the smell of some illegal substances. I've almost always had my bags searched, both checked and carry-on, when bringing back coffee," she says. (Here are the airport mistakes we're all still making.)
Red Flag #3: Not taking out all liquids
Monkey-Business-Images/ShutterstockBy now you know the 3.4 ounce (or 100 milliliters) rule for bringing liquids on airplanes post 9/11. And most liquids are obvious—shampoo, lotion, mouthwash, but there may be random items buried at the bottom of your purse that you forget about until TSA is holding them up, demanding an answer. Travel journalist Maggie Espinosa says this happened to her on the way back from a trip to Guatemala; she forgot antibacterial gel she purchased at the Antigua Choco Museum. Though the TSA agent let her pour out a bit to get it under the limit, others may ask you to discard your toiletry completely. If that happens, just go with it and follow the rules. These popular travel tips are actually no longer true.
Red Flag #4: Trying to game the system
Monkey-Business-Images/ShutterstockThere are some parts of getting on an airplane that seems ridiculous: Why are they worried about your gold earrings? Or does it really matter if your laptop is out of your bag? Even if you don't understand why the rules are in place, just follow them, says Stephen Lloyd, former Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Air Traffic Organization (ATO) Director of Safety and current president of SJL and Associates. "People will try to push the limits of what is allowed and actually game the system," he says. "There are travelers who will see what they can get away with. If you are trying to see what you can get away with, the penalties can be severe, including imprisonment." This is what happened when one airline refused to let a woman fly because of her weight.
Red Flag #5: Not checking your kid's baggage
TravnikovStudio/ShutterstockThough you might be trying to encourage your budding jet-setter to pack his or her own carry-on full of crayons and snacks before boarding a flight with you to grandma's, Corinne McDermott, world traveler and founder of havebabywilltravel.com, suggests giving a quick inspection to the backpack before the TSA has a look. "Things like craft scissors and toy guns, no matter how harmless, might get flagged and confiscated," she adds. These are the things airlines won't tell you—but you'll definitely want to know.
Red Flag #6: Having any type of unusual item
itakdalee/ShutterstockSo you bought a handmade harmonica for your nephew or a candle holder made out of a gourd. Though totally fine to bring home, managing partner and editor at Airline Weekly, Seth Kaplan, says to be prepared to answer for your possession. "Unusual items, even if they're perfectly legal and safe, can get their attention," he says. "For example, I used to travel with a long-arm stapler to staple newsletters on the road. That's just not something the agents see every day, so it would almost always get flagged. After a while," he adds, "I learned that when I saw the agent squinting at the screen and trying to figure out what it was, if I would tell them what it was, about half the time they were comfortable confirming it without opening my bag. Other times, they did want to open the bag, which I understood."
Red Flag #7: Getting out of line
Hanoi-Photography/ShutterstockOnce you pull out your boarding pass and your identification, it takes you a hot second to navigate where you're supposed to go: the shortest line? The closest one? If a TSA agent directs you to an area, Farina advises going there and staying put, no matter what. "Do not attempt to switch your line, which may include a full-body scanner to a pre-check line with only metal detectors," he adds. These are the things you should never do once you're on an airplane.
Red Flag #8: Carrying a lot of cash
Pornsngar-Potibut/ShutterstockBefore you go on a trip, especially one that cruises over international waters, it's not unusual to want to exchange your dollars for the new currency before leaving U.S. land for the best rate. Though a travel agent would recommend that, so you can save some hard-earned moolah, Farina warns that carrying anything in bulk, from cash to precious metals, can make you a target. "Be prepared to explain where these items came from and why you have it and/or are traveling with it," he advises.
Red Flag #9: Letting your stress show
fizkes/ShutterstockWe've all been there: You woke up late, got stuck in traffic, forgot to check-in the night before, and now you're scrambling to make it to your gate before they close the cabin door. While undeniably a stressful process, Farina says keeping your calm is important for the TSA to trust that you're a, well, sane human. This means never taking your frustration out on other travelers, and especially not airport personnel. "No matter the reason, always be courteous and respective to the TSA. Being rude, pushy, or loud, not only to the TSA but also other passengers, may get you plucked from the security lines and questioned or searched," he says. "Realize that the TSA has a very difficult role to perform. In the end, they are there to prevent, to the best of their ability, terrorists and other criminals from entering secure transportation areas so you can have a safe travel experience." Follow these golden rules for stress-free air travel.