Why Do Cats Eat Grass?

It's usually not a big deal for your cat to nibble on grass, but if they're doing it excessively, you may want to call the vet.

Cats are full of contradictions. They’re aloof yet goofy, cuddly yet standoffish, and all kitty parents know that figuring out cat behavior means a lifetime of learning. Even if you already know the answer to why cats purr, and you’re clear on why cats knead (because they’re making biscuits, of course), there are other things cats do that are pretty much a mystery. Why do cats sleep so much? Why do they decide three a.m. is a good time to run an obstacle course in your home? And why do cats eat grass? Here, cat experts help us get to the root of that last one.

Why do cats eat grass?

Although there isn’t a lot of specific research on why cats eat grass, there are a few reasons why you might notice this behavior in your cat, according to Dr. Pete Lands, DVM, chief medical officer and managing partner at Washington Ave Animal Hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Turns out, cats commonly have a number of underlying gastrointestinal diseases, such as irritable bowel syndrome. So chewing grass may be a way for them to calm down their GI tract, either to help move things along a little bit faster or help them vomit up hairballs, explains Dr. Lands. That’s why you might see your cat vomiting after eating grass!

Grass has plenty of fiber, which can help with constipation. “Cats are notoriously poor water drinkers, and sometimes adding fiber to the diet just helps them poop a little bit easier,” says Dr. Angie Krause, DVM, CVA, CCRT, a holistic veterinarian based in Boulder, Colorado.

It might also be worth looking into what you’re feeding that feline. Some cats eat grass to make up for nutritional deficiencies in their diet, such as folic acid, which helps form hemoglobin.

“If the diet they have at home is devoid of certain vitamins, minerals, or nutrients, they may be trying to find those elsewhere,” says Dr. Lands. “So one place they may be able to find folic acid would be by eating grass, if that was something that their diet might be missing.”

Better start reading those labels! You wouldn’t want to make these dangerous mistakes as a cat owner.

Is eating grass related to stress?

Eating grassannfrau/Getty Images

That said, eating grass may also be a sign that your kitty is stressed out. “Some people say if a cat is in a stressful environment, they may stress eat, similar to the way humans stress or emotionally eat to kind of help relax them or calm them down,” Dr. Lands says. We prefer brownies when we’re under stress, but if your cat is chowing down on your land, check that you’re avoiding these things you do that your cat secretly hates.

Is it good for cats to eat grass?

Eating a bit of grass now and then isn’t a big deal, but too much could result in medical complications. “In America, most of our cats are indoors all year, so if they’re going outside and eating grass, you should probably get on the phone and talk to your vet,” says Dr. Lands. In some cases, if a cat eats too much grass, it can get stuck in the stomach and require surgery to remove. A visit to the vet will help identify any underlying conditions that could be causing your cat to eat grass. Some cats may also enjoy the taste of dog food–we asked experts if that’s safe. 

However, some cats just like the taste of grass, and in small amounts, it can provide valuable fiber for kitties with sensitive stomachs. Dr. Krause has a cat with GI issues, and she grows cat grass for her cat to eat. “He’s the one who will eat grass until he vomits, no matter what kind of grass,” Krause says. “And so with him, when I grow grass for him, I watch how much is available to him, because he’ll just mow [it] down if I grow a ton.”

Now that you know the answer to the question “Why do cats eat grass?” find out what exactly they’re trying to tell you with our guide to why cats meow.

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Jen McCaffery
Jen McCaffery is an associate editor for Reader’s Digest. Her work has appeared in the New York Times, Prevention, Rhode Island Monthly, and other publications and websites. When she’s not writing or editing, she’s growing veggies or trying to figure out the way home from assorted trails.