Why Do URLs Start with HTTPS?

The reason that URLs have HTTPS in them is slightly confusing, but it's a good bit of information to know.

When you open up the Internet on your phone or computer, you probably don’t think too much about what the URL is of the site that you’re visiting. Typically, people type the name of the store they want to shop at or a question into Google and click on one of the first few options that show up. But if you’ve ever been given a specific link that you need to manually type in with all of the letters, period, and dashes, you might be left wondering why there need to be so many letters before every URL. While you’re learning about the web, here’s what URL actually stands for.

Why do URLs start with HTTPS?

HTTP stands for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol and it’s basically a set of rules that transfer any web page between a web server and your browser. “When you go to a specific URL in your browser, your browser starts a conversation with the website’s server to download everything it needs to visually render that web page on your computer. HTTP is basically the language of transferring information between a server and your browser,” says Sarah Petrova, a software engineer at Intel and co-founder of Techtestreport.

The S in HTTPS stands for secure. So, if the URL you’re visiting starts with HTTPS that means that your browser and the web server are having the exact same conversation, but all of the information is encrypted, or more secure. “Only your browser and the web server possess the key to decrypt it. This prevents any outsiders from understanding what is being said and helps to make your browsing activity more private,” says Petrova. To be even more secure, follow these secrets of people that never get hacked.

Why is it necessary in a URL?

This can be slightly confusing—especially for people that don’t speak technology—so Petrova broke it down into a digestible answer. “By having HTTPS in the URL your web server basically says, ‘Hey, I transmit data with the HTTPS protocol,” she says. And your browser—by hitting the web server up with HTTPS in the URL—is saying, “Hey, I want to get the website transmitted via HTTPS”. If your browser and the web server would speak different languages they could not communicate with each other. That’s why it has to be specified in the URL.

Why do some websites have WWW at the beginning of the URL?

WWW stands for World Wide Web. It’s actually not necessary to have WWW in a URL and in most cases it doesn’t serve a technical purpose, says Petrova. Domains can be created without the prefix and the page will still work. “WWW exists for one purpose only and that is to identify the address as a website,” says Petrova. “There are other URL signifiers, such as a File Transfer Protocol (FTP), server (ftp), or news server (news). That’s why you can classify WWW as a subdomain of a larger website.”

If you’re still following along and want to sound like a tech genius in front of your friends you can impress them with your HTTPS knowledge as well as these other cyber-savvy tech words.

Morgan Cutolo
Morgan Cutolo is a former senior production editor at Trusted Media Brands. She graduated from the University of New Hampshire in 2016, where she received her Bachelor of Arts in Journalism. In her free time, she likes exploring the seacoast of Maine, where she lives, and snuggling up on the couch with her corgi, Eggo, to watch HGTV or The Office.