De Repente/ShutterstockWhen most people think of summer holidays, they think of the big three: Memorial Day, Fourth of July, and Labor Day. But people often forget another important American observance—Flag Day.
Flag Day, celebrated on June 14 every year, is the celebration and recognition of the stars and stripes. Although it isn’t a federal holiday, it is a state holiday in Pennsylvania and New York.
It all started with a resolution passed by the Continental Congress in 1777 which called for an official American flag. (Don’t miss these 12 surprising places you can find the America flag!)
After the flag’s creation, several people in the late 19th century had a helping hand in creating the holiday—but it’s unclear who officially suggested it’s creation first. One key person was B.J. Cigrand, a Wisconsin-born schoolteacher, who continuously proposed an annual observance of the flag in magazine and newspaper articles. He even arranged for his pupils to celebrate a day recognizing what he called the flag’s “birthday” on June 14.
Another person involved was George Morris, a Hartford, Connecticut resident who instituted a formal observance of the day in his hometown. There was also George Bolch, a New York kindergarten teacher who planned Flag Day ceremonies for the kids at his school. Meanwhile, Elizabeth Duane Gillespie—a direct descendant of Benjamin Franklin—pushed for a similar observance in Pennsylvania in 1893. But it wasn’t until May 7, 1937, that Pennsylvania became the first state to establish Flag Day on June 14 as a legal holiday, according to the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs.
It took three presidents to get Flag Day on the government’s radar—President Woodrow Wilson issued a formal proclamation for Flag Day in 1916 and President Calvin Coolidge did the same in 1927. But in 1949, Congress finally approved and President Harry Truman signed the national observance of Flag Day on June 14 into law.
“It is our custom to observe June 14 each year with ceremonies designed not only to commemorate the birth of our flag but also to rededicate ourselves to the ideals for which it stands,” Truman said in his proclamation. “This beloved emblem, which flies above all our people of whatever creed or race, signalizes our respect for human rights and the protection such rights are afforded under our form of government.”
But, even though we observe Flag Day on June 14, it’s not an official federal holiday—it was excluded from the 1968 Uniform Holiday Act, which established the federal holidays celebrated today. While we might not have June 14 off from work, we celebrate the stars and stripes through songs, parades, and ceremonies on Flag Day and on so many other patriotic holidays. Next, check out these 20 reasons the American flag is even cooler than you thought.