16 History Questions People Always Get Wrong
If you can get 12/16 correct, you’re an official history buff.
Who fought in the French and Indian War?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
Also known as the Seven Years’ War, the conflict involved the French and British fighting over North American land rights. The British won, earning the empire huge territorial gains.
Who discovered America?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
First of all, let’s not ignore the fact that the Native Americans arrived in the Americas about 23,000 years ago. Even if these history questions just focused on the first Europeans to arrive, Christopher Columbus still can’t claim the glory. About 400 years before Columbus sailed the ocean blue, Viking Lief Eriksson landed in Canada. (Don’t try arguing that his trip doesn’t count because it was in Canada and not the United States.) Columbus didn’t set foot on any of the 50 states during any of his four trips either—only Caribbean Islands and Central and South America. Other Spanish explorers were the first to arrive in what’s now the United States. Don’t miss these other 18 facts your history teacher lied to you about.
When was the Declaration of Independence signed?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
The United States celebrates its independence on the Fourth of July, but that’s not actually when the document was signed. The country declared its independence on July 2, 1776, which John Adams wrote would become “the most memorable Epocha, in the History of America.” The final draft was completed and approved by Congress two days later (July 4) but wasn’t signed until August 2. For more American trivia, read these 24 surprising talents of U.S. presidents.
What does the D in D-Day stand for?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
Trick question—the letter is a placeholder and doesn’t stand for anything, despite claims that it stands for “deliverance” or “doom.” Meanwhile, H-Hour referred to the time the fighting began. For instance, D+1 meant the day after D-Day, while H-2 meant two hours before the action.
When was Russia’s “Red October” revolution?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
Surprise! The 1917 revolution that established the Soviet regime occurred on November 7. At that point, Russia was using the Julian calendar, which marked that date as October 25.
Who was the first to settle in what’s now the United States?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
The history questions you were asked in grade school might make it seem like English colonists were first to inhabit the United States, but the Spanish actually beat them. Jamestown, Virginia, the first British colony, was founded in 1607, but Fort Caroline, likely the first European colony on now-U.S. soil, was built in 1564 in what’s now Florida. That didn’t survive, but the oldest American city still standing, St. Augustine, Florida, was founded by the Spanish the following year. Here are 50 more astonishing facts about the 50 states.
When was the War of 1812?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
You knew this would be one of those trick history questions. The war between the United States and Great Britain and its allies didn’t last just one year. The fighting continued from June 1812 to February 1815.
Why did the Pilgrims come to America?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
To say the group was looking for religious freedom simplifies its decision to make the dangerous voyage to the New World. The Separatists first fled to the Netherlands for about 12 years to escape laws forcing them to follow the Church of England. There, they enjoyed religious freedom, but it was hard to support a family in the foreign country, and the congregation was afraid they would lose their English identities—and lose their young to the tempting lifestyle of soldiers and sailors. Eventually, they got money from investors to go to America, where they could worship how they wanted without giving up their English ways of living.
What was the largest contiguous empire in history?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
When Genghis Khan united North East Asian tribes to form the Mongol Empire, he created an empire that would span 9.27 million square miles in one mass at its peak in 1270. The British Empire owned a whopping 13.71 million square miles in 1920, but its territories were scattered around the globe.
Who invented the automobile?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
French inventor Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot created a steam-powered vehicle in 1769, but it couldn’t even go three miles per hour. Henry Ford wasn’t the first to invent a gasoline-powered automobile (that was Karl Benz in 1886) or even to create an American car on an assembly line (that was Ransom Olds in 1901), but Ford’s Model T did dominate the market for reliability, simplicity, and affordability. Check out these other 51 well-known “facts” that are actually false.
Which African country named its capital after a U.S. president?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
The American Colonization Society established an African colony in 1822 as a new home for freed slaves. In 1847, the settlement gained its independence and became the country of Liberia. Its capital, Monrovia, was named for James Monroe, who was president from 1817 to 1825. Don’t miss these 12 presidential quotes that are totally fake.
Which Civil War battle had the most casualties in any single-day fight?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
Antietam had 22,726 casualties in just one day. There were more than 51,000 killed, wounded, missing, and captured in Gettysburg—more than the Revolutionary War, War of 1812, and Mexican War combined—but that battle lasted for three days. Check out these facts about U.S. presidents that are total myths.
Which pharaoh led the construction of the Pyramids of Giza?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
Around 2550 B.C.E., Pharaoh Khufu launched construction of the first and biggest pyramid. About 30 years later, his son, Pharaoh Khafre built the second one and the Sphinx, and the last was started around 2490 B.C.E. by Pharaoh Menkaure. Cleopatra, who lived from 69 B.C.E. to 30 B.C.E., lived closer to the invention of the iPhone than to the construction of any of the Pyramids of Giza.
What was the shortest war in history?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
You won’t find many history questions about this war in social studies textbooks. During the Anglo-Zanzibar War of 1896, the East African island state Zanzibar fought back against the British Empire. The fighting began at 9 a.m. on August 26 and ended by 9:40 a.m., making the world’s shortest war a mere 38 minutes long.
How did the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 begin?Tatiana Ayazo/Rd.com,shutterstock
Despite what you’ve been told, Mrs. Catharine O’Leary and her cow weren’t to blame. The myth that a cow kicked over a lantern to spark the blaze that killed 300 people and left another 100,000 homeless has been around since early reports. Children in the neighborhood spread the rumor, which ended up being printed in newspapers. Anti-immigration and stances made Irish-born O’Leary as an anti-immigration stance. The truth is, no one knows who started the fire, and the Chicago City Council officially exonerated O’Leary and her cow from blame in 1997. A more recent rumor points fingers at a one-legged horse-cart driver named Daniel “Peg Leg” Sullivan, but historians haven’t confirmed that story, either.