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Queen Elizabeth II was born the eldest child of Prince Albert, Duke of York. The “Duke of York” title is traditionally given to the second son of the reigning monarch, and such was the case with Elizabeth’s father. “Bertie,” as he was known, was the second son of the King George V. The King’s eldest son was Prince Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David who’d always been known to friends and family as “David” and who was made Prince of Wales on his 16th birthday. Here’s how the most famous royals got their titles.
In January 1936, King George V died, and David succeeded to the throne as King Edward VIII. It was exactly as everyone expected it to be, including Prince Albert, his wife (Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon), and their two daughters (Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret). There was one hitch, however, and that was that two years earlier, the now-King Edward VIII had begun an affair with the American divorcee, Wallis Simpson, who was still married to her second husband.
The royal family, who had disapproved of the affair from the outset, were now confronted with the newly ascended King Edward’s intention to marry the soon-to-be-twice-divorced Mrs. Simpson, whom the foreign press quoted as saying, “Soon I shall be Queen of England.” Even as the British press refrained from reporting on the continuing affair of the now-King Edward, a crisis was heating up in Parliament: If the King were to marry Mrs. Simpson without abdicating the throne, government would be forced to resign, as is customary in Great Britain in the event of a stalemate with the monarch (who actually has all these very real powers in Britain).
By December 1936, even the British public knew of the scandal. Mrs. Simpson fled Britain for France, while members of the royal court pressured her to renounce the King. But neither she nor the King were to be deterred. To prevent further upheaval, King Edward VIII officially abdicated the throne on December 10, 1936. These are the 11 other royal scandals that rocked the world.
On December 11, 1936, Prince Albert, Duke of York, ascended as King George VI. Edward was created His Royal Highness The Duke of Windsor, and in 1937, married Mrs. Simpson. She became The Duchess of Windsor, albeit without the “HRH” styling (at least, officially; apparently, her friends called her “Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Windsor”). And then-Princess Elizabeth, being the elder daughter of the King, suddenly found herself heir to the throne. Next, don’t miss these 23 rarely seen photos of the royal family.