First Folio by William Shakespeare (worth $5.2 million)
Jerome FavreEpaREX/ShutterstockOriginally titled Mr. William Shakespeare's Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies, the First Folio is a collection of 23 plays by William Shakespeare, including The Tempest, Much Ado About Nothing, and Romeo and Juliet. It was first printed in 1623, seven years after the iconic playwright's death, and is considered the reason why his work lives on to this day. Without it, Shakespeare's plays might have been lost forever, and we'd never have these nifty vocabulary words you probably didn't know were inspired by Shakespeare.
In 2006, First Folio sold at auction for $5.2 million (about $6.3 million today) at Sotheby's in New York.
In Our Time by Ernest Hemingway (worth $321,600)
1941260r-Bournemouth NewsREX/ShutterstockIn 1924, French publishers Three Mountains Press released In Our Time, a collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway. Only 300 copies were printed during its initial run. However, due to a printing mistake, only 170 of those copies were released and sold. The frontispiece is a woodcut portrait of Hemingway, which bled through the next page during printing. The remaining 130 copies were given away to friends and family and as review copies. Hemingway famously wrote, "In order to write about life you must first live it." Check out these other inspirational Ernest Hemingway quotes.
Due to its very limited numbers, In Our Time is considered rare for book collectors around the world. In April 2004, a first edition copy sold at auction for a whopping $321,600 at Sotheby's New York.
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone by J.K. Rowling (worth $55,000)
amazon.comBritish publishers Bloomsbury released the first book in the Harry Potter series in June 1997. Believe it or not, only 500 copies were printed during its initial run, with 300 of those going to libraries and schools across the United Kingdom.
The first edition of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone is the only book in the series that credits Joanne Rowling as its author (J.K. Rowling's birth name before she took a pen name) and a print line number that reads, "10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1." The American edition released in 1998 removed the "Joanne Rowling" author credit and also changed its title to Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone. Without the success of the first book, Rowling might have never released the other books in the Harry Potter series.
First editions of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone can fetch about $40,000 to $55,000 at auction, depending on its condition.
Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen (worth $180,159)
Louisa MacdonellREX/ShutterstockThe first edition of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice—which is really one of the books you really should have read by now—was first released as three volumes, which sold for only 18 shillings (about $1.16 today) in 1813. Only 1,500 copies were printed and sold, perhaps as it was considered a fashionable, yet disposable novel when it was first released. Pride and Prejudice, however, went on to gain literary status throughout the 20th and 21st centuries with a number of film and TV adaptations.
In 2010, a first edition of the three volumes in pristine condition sold for £139,250 (about $179,870) at auction at Sotheby's in London. The private collector also acquired a number of other literary rarities, such as A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens and Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights, among others, for more than £3.1million (about $4 million) in total. Other first editions of Pride and Prejudice, however, can be priced at $45,000, depending on condition.
Casino Royale by Ian Fleming (worth $130,000)
via amazon.com Author Ian Fleming released Casino Royale, the first novel in what would be the James Bond book series in April 1953. The title's initial run was a big success with British publishers Jonathan Cape printing more than 4,700 copies. Casino Royale sold out in a matter of a few months, as the demand for more adventures with James Bond grew in the United Kingdom. Here are 13 things we bet you don't know about James Bond.
Casino Royale became a rare first edition due to its dust jacket, which is nearly impossible to keep in near mint condition. A copy in good condition can fetch more than $40,000, while pristine copies can garner $130,000.
The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer (worth $11.2 million)
via amazon.com In 1998, a first edition of Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales sold at auction at Christie's in London. A billionaire philanthropist named Sir Paul Getty bought the English masterpiece sold for £4.6 million (about $11.2 million today). Earl Fitzwilliam of the County of Tyrone first acquired the copy that was auctioned off at a sale of John Radcliffe's library at Christie's in 1776. He originally paid £6 (about $7.75 today) for the first edition.
Book printer William Caxton made the first edition of The Canterbury Tales in 1477. There are only 12 copies still in existence.
The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien (worth $210,000)
via abebooks.comBefore J.R.R. Tolkien released his epic trilogy The Lord of the Rings, he wrote a smaller fantasy novel for children called The Hobbit in 1937. It would be the precursor and blueprint for what would later become the trilogy—with its first installment, The Fellowship of the Ring, released 17 years later in 1954.
The London publishers of The Hobbit, George Allen & Unwin Ltd., printed only 1,500 copies for its initial run. The children's book quickly sold out three months after its release. However, newer editions would also be rare to come across at the time, due to a paper shortage caused by rationing during World War II. Since it's so limited, a first edition copy in near-perfect condition runs about $65,000.
A first edition copy of The Hobbit—which might one of the famous books you never got around to reading—sold for £137,000 (nearly $210,000) at a Sotheby's auction in London in 2015. It was a copy with a special inscription that was once given to one of Tolkien's former students.
The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald (worth $194,000)
via biblio.comThe first edition of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby—which is one of those books you read in high school, but should really read again as an adult—with the original dust jacket is a rare book to track down. It wasn't a best-seller when it was released in 1925 with only about 25,000 copies sold by the time of the author's death in 1940. However, a first edition with the dust jacket can fetch upwards of $194,000. If you have a first edition, look for a typo on the back of the dust jacket: "jay Gatsby" with a lowercase "j." This spelling error was corrected by hand with ink or a stamp.
Tamerlane and Other Poems by Edgar Allan Poe (worth $662,500)
via abebooks.comEdgar Allan Poe, who died in 1849, once turned over a manuscript to a local printing press for self-publication. Only 50 copies of Tamerlane and Other Poems were printed, with Poe choosing to publish his work anonymously as "A Bostonian" (although he was originally from Baltimore). While the 40-page pamphlet was mostly ignored, Poe's work grew in popularity over the years.
In 2009, one of 12 copies known in existence sold at auction for $662,500 at Christie's in New York City. In addition, Christie's also auctioned off a poem Poe wrote to woo a married woman (that wasn't his wife) for $830,500.
Ulysses by James Joyce (worth $355,000)
via biblio.comThe first edition of James Joyce's labyrinthine sophomore novel Ulysses sold at auction in 2009 for £275,000 (about $355,000 today), which was the highest price for a 20th century novel recorded at the time. The book was well-preserved and was numbered 45 of the first 100 copies ever printed. It was also considered lost at one time, but it was originally purchased in a bookstore in New York City, despite it being banned for being obscene and salacious when first released in 1922. Did you know that some books are still getting banned here and in other countries?