These Are the Official Residences of the British Royal Family
Ever wondered where all the members of the British royal family live? Well, let’s take a peek…
We’ll start at Buckingham Palace, the Queen’s London home. Situated by St. James’s Park, Buckingham Palace has been the monarch’s official London residence since 1837. It has 775 rooms, including 52 bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices, and 78 bathrooms.
The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh live here, along with The Duke of York, and the Earl and Countess of Wessex.
Highlights at Buckingham Palace include the Changing of the Guard ceremony, which takes place most days at 11:00 a.m., and the State Rooms that are open to the public every summer. Plus, there’s a rumor that the ghost of a monk in a brown cloak haunts the back terrace!
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Windsor Castle, situated just outside London, is the Queen’s weekend retreat. It’s the oldest and largest occupied castle in the world, built by William the Conqueror in the 11th century. Over 39 monarchs have used Windsor Castle as their residence. St George’s Chapel is part of the castle and is the venue for the wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle in May 2018.
The castle is open all year round—it has a world-famous Royal dollhouse!—and there are also talks, performances, and activities for kids.
In 1992, a fire at the castle caused over $50,000,000 in damage.
Sandringham House in Norfolk is one of the Queen’s private residences. It was brought into the family in 1862 by the future Edward VII, although a fire in 1891 destroyed much of the original building. It’s been passed down through the family into the Queen’s ownership. The house itself stands within nearly 20,000 acres, with 60 acres of gardens. The rest is a park and uncultivated land, which is freely open to the public every day of the year.
The British royal family spends Christmas at Sandringham, traditionally walking to church on Christmas morning and meeting the local people.
Anmer Hall, a private residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, is also part of the Sandringham estate.
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Who wouldn’t love to live in their own Scottish castle? Balmoral Castle is another of the Queen’s private residences, situated in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Bought by Prince Albert as a gift for Queen Victoria in 1852, they built a new castle before demolishing the old one. Other royal residences on the grounds are: Birkhall (a residence of the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall), Craigowan Lodge, and Delnadamph Lodge.
There are vacation cottages to rent on the estate, which also boasts a golf course and offers Landrover safaris of the surrounding countryside. But watch out for the ghost of John Brown, Queen Victoria’s servant, who is said to roam the grounds at night wearing a kilt. (Don’t miss these other royal ghosts still haunting Britain today!)
Owned by the Crown, Clarence House was home to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother for more 50 years. Designed by John Nash in 1825-27, it was built for George III’s son Clarence, hence its name. But it’s since undergone extensive remodeling to make it suitable for modern living.
Clarence House is attached to St. James’s Palace and the two residences share the same gardens. Although other members of the British royal family visit, Clarence House is the official London residence of the Prince of Wales.
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Originally bought by William III in 1689, Kensington Palace was the main residence for the British royal family until Queen Victoria moved into Buckingham Palace. Queen Victoria was born and grew up here, and it was also Princess Diana’s home.
Kensington Palace belongs to the Crown Estate, and is currently the official home of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge (along with Prince George and Princess Charlotte of course!), as well as Prince Harry. Historic parts of the building are open to the public, and the Royal Ceremonial Dress Collection is housed here.
St. James’s Palace
St James’s Palace also belongs to the Crown, and has been a residence for the British royal family for more than 300 years. It was originally built by Henry VIII in 1531-36 and has been used continuously since then. Queen Victoria’s wedding took place here.
On the death of a monarch, the Accession Council meets at St. James’s Palace, and the official announcement of the new sovereign is also made from here. It’s currently home to Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie, The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, Prince and Princess Michael of Kent and Princess Alexandra, when she’s in London. The Princess Royal and her husband Sir Timothy Laurence also live here—their country residence is Gatcombe Park.
St James’s Palace also hosts more than 100 charity events every year.
Palace of Holyrood House
Balmoral Castle is the Queen’s private residence, but when she’s in Scotland on an official visit, she stays at the Palace of Holyrood House. Situated at the end of Edinburgh’s famous Royal Mile, it was founded first as a monastery in 1128. Rebuilt as a palace by James IV in 1501, this building has been the official residence of the monarchy in Scotland ever since.
Mary Queen of Scots lived most of her life here and it was the scene of the famous murder of David Rizzio, her private secretary, in her bedroom. Seven months pregnant, Mary witnessed the murder, and it’s said that to this day, the blood stains can’t be removed from the floor.
The Queen hosts around 4,000 visitors during the annual Holyrood Week in June, and the palace is open to the public all year round.
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PHOTO: COURTESY OF DISCOVER NORTHERN IRELAND
When visiting Northern Ireland, the British royal family stays at Hillsborough Castle in County Down. It’s also the residence of the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland. But its name is misleading! It’s actually a Georgian country house built in the 18th century—the British government only bought it in 1922. Hillsborough Castle was the venue for several important negotiations during The Troubles, and it was here that the historic Anglo-Irish Agreement was signed, leading eventually to peace in Northern Ireland after decades of conflict.
Photo: Courtesy of Discover Northern Ireland
PHOTO: COURTESY OF DUCHY OF CORNWALL
Prince Charles is also Duke of Cornwall, so properties owned by the Duchy of Cornwall are currently used by him. He first moved into Highgrove House in Gloucestershire in 1980, and has transformed the house and gardens into a model of sustainability. The gardens are open to the public on selected dates.
There’s a reed bed sewage system, a collection of rare trees and plants, and also a heritage seed project on site to preserve rare seeds for future generations. There are solar lights, energy-saving bulbs, a composting system, and the house is warmed using heat pumps.
Photo: Courtesy of Duchy of Cornwall