Women aren’t men
There’s a big disconnect between what women think a heart attack would feel like—excruciating chest pain—and what it actually does feel like. As Jean McSweeney, RN, PhD, professor and associate dean for research at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences College of Nursing, in Little Rock, Arkansas, points out: “Other than the reproductive system, the cardiovascular system has the most differences between genders.” So it’s to be expected that the symptoms—while sometimes shared with men in a general sense—can also be experienced differently. After all, “we have much smaller vessels in our heart,” says Dr. McSweeney, who was among the first to zero in on women’s heart attack symptoms in a 2003 study, published in the journal Circulation. “And we’re constructed differently.” Here are 9 physical and emotional ways heart disease is different for women.
When a woman’s main arteries are blocked, she’ll often experience a constellation of signs, including chest pain, pressure, or tightness, along with multiple non-chest symptoms, says Judith Hilevi Lichtman, PhD, MPH, department chair and associate professor of epidemiology at the Yale School of Public Health. What’s more, not every woman experiences the same symptoms, and the symptoms don’t necessarily happen all at once. We spoke with experts and women heart-attack survivors about what exactly some of those symptoms might be and what they actually feel like. Here are a few that surprised us most.
A funky-feeling arm
“I felt like my arm was asleep,” says Tara Robinson, a school counselor, who, incredibly, survived three heart attacks in one week at the age of 40. For the first two, the feeling would emerge for a couple of minutes and then go away. By the time she arrived at the hospital, the symptoms were gone and she was sent back home without treatment. “I thought maybe I was working out too hard at the gym or I slept on it wrong,” she says. By the time the third heart attack struck, that feeling was much more intense and persistent, and impossible to ignore.
Another heart attack survivor, Lilly Rocha described her arm as feeling “sore”—a part of a general soreness experienced in her entire upper left side, along with her jaw and chest. At the time, she was 37 and a corporate vice president who organized international events; she’d jet-set from country to country on a regular basis—so naturally, she attributed it to the stress of travel. It wasn’t until a co-worker (who had himself experienced a heart attack) insisted on taking her to a hospital did she realize the shocking truth: She just had a heart attack. Learn about the one type of stress that can literally give you a heart attack.