Bladder acting up?
You have a UTI
And, as a side note, because excessive thirst is linked to diabetes, and you're becoming dehydrated from peeing too much, you'll be drinking more, and then peeing more, over and over, explains Dr. Nandi. A helpful tip for managing fluid intake is to "drink enough to prevent constipation and over-concentration of urine, but avoid drinking just before bedtime, which can lead to nighttime urination." Here are other unexpected reasons you're always thirsty.
You have prostate problems
If men suffer from benign prostatic hyperplasia, there is a need to urinate more frequently, especially at night. This condition is called nocturia, and it is defined as having to urinate eight or more times a night, he explains. Plus, when the prostate is enlarged, it puts added pressure on the urethra and bladder, which causes an inability to hold urine, but also difficulty with peeing at ease, he explains. Men, these are the 9 things your prostate is trying to tell you.
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You use diuretics
"These medications that are used to treat high blood pressure or fluid buildup work in the kidney and flush excess fluid from the body, causing frequent urination," says Dr. Nandi, so it's important to speak to your doctor to explain your concerns and symptoms.
To mitigate symptoms, keep diuretic foods and drinks to a minimum and do a little diet modification. "You should avoid any food that appears to irritate your bladder or acts as a diuretic. These may include caffeine, alcohol, carbonated drinks, tomato-based products, chocolate, artificial sweeteners, and spicy foods. It's also important to eat high-fiber foods, because constipation may worsen the symptoms of overactive bladder syndrome," says Dr. Nandi. These are the 13 things your bladder wants to tell you.
"Kegel exercises can be helpful, and pregnant women should also avoid excessive caffeine—which will help with frequent urination and prevent other pregnancy related issues," she says. Side note: Kegel exercises can also benefit men, so feel free to grab your partner and do them together.
"The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) advises pregnant women to limit their caffeine intake to less than 200 milligrams per day, which is about one 11-ounce cup of coffee," she says.
What's more, pregnant women can also get UTIs, says Dr. Nita. "If a pregnant woman has a UTI, she might not have any symptoms, an increased frequency of urination might be her only symptom, or she might also notice additional symptoms including, but not limited to, the following: burning with urination, cloudy urine, foul-smelling urine, and red, pink, or concentrated urine," she explains.
Urinary tract infections need to be treated promptly with an antibiotic during pregnancy, because UTIs can lead to very serious problems in both mother and fetus, she adds.
You have overactive bladder syndrome
A frustrating situation, says Dr. Nandi, as it may also lead you to wake up once or more during the night to use the bathroom. The good news is that treatment can help. Try bladder retraining, says Nandi, which involves "increasing the intervals between using the bathroom over the course of about 12 weeks. This helps retrain your bladder to hold urine longer and to urinate less frequently," he explains.
Some people find success with Botox, he notes. "Botox can be injected into the bladder muscle, causing the bladder to relax, increasing its storage capacity, and reducing episodes of leakage, and several types of surgery are also available. The least invasive involve implanting small nerve stimulators just beneath the skin. The nerves they stimulate control the pelvic floor and the devices can manipulate contractions in the organs and muscles within the pelvic floor," he explains.
You have interstitial cystitis
According to Dr. Nandi, "Most people will urinate up to seven times a day, but those suffering with interstitial cystitis may urinate as much as 35 to 40 times a day, and many times the actual act of urination will only produce a few drops of urine and the distracting sense of urgency may not always subside after going. This symptom will occur all day and usually throughout the night, which can cause problems with sleep patterns. Plus, pain might be present, and it'll intensify as the bladder fills up," he explains.
Unfortunately, the exact cause of interstitial cystitis is not known, but many factors probably play a role. "For example, there might be a defect in the protective lining of the bladder; as a result, a leak in the epithelium might allow toxic substances in urine to irritate the bladder wall. Additionally, there might be a genetic cause or an infectious etiology," Dr. Nita explains.
Regarding treatment, not every patient will respond, she cautions. But your doctor might recommend the following: Oral medications, nerve stimulation techniques, bladder distension (filling the bladder with water), medications instilled into the bladder, surgery, or acupuncture, which might also provide some relief, she says.
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You can solve this one by taking steps to manage your anxieties. Some options include stress reduction, meditation or relaxation techniques, yoga, and pelvic floor physical therapy. And, if you need a few other tips, there are plenty of stress-busting activities to calm you down.
You suffered a stroke
Yet, there's an issue with catheters. Unfortunately, they can cause urinary tract infections. And, if the muscle stays affected, the UTIs can become chronic and cause more issues with quality of life, later on, he cautions. So, you'll want to speak to a doctor to figure out your most opportune game plan.