What is insomnia?Nicole Fornabaio/rd.com, shutterstock
If you’ve followed all the tips for the best sleep but still find yourself unable to nod off or waking up throughout the night, it’s time to figure out the causes of insomnia and what you can do about it. The National Sleep Foundation recommends that adults get between seven and nine hours of sleep per night, but for a huge number of us, that just isn’t happening. According to the National Sleep Foundation’s inaugural Sleep Health Index, poor or insufficient sleep is affecting the daily activities of 45 percent of Americans. Symptoms of insomnia include difficulty falling asleep at night, waking up during the night, waking up too early, not feeling well-rested after a night’s sleep, daytime tiredness or sleepiness, irritability, depression or anxiety, difficulty paying attention, focusing on tasks or remembering, increased errors or accidents, and ongoing worries about sleep. Insomnia can come in many different forms, depending on the length of time a person has insomnia and how it affects their sleep cycle. Here are seven different types of insomnia.
Short-term insomniaNicole Fornabaio/rd.com, shutterstock
This is the name for insomnia that lasts for up to three months; it’s also known as acute insomnia or “adjustment” insomnia. According to James A. Rowley, MD, Detroit Medical Center Interim Chief, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine, this type of insomnia is usually triggered by a big life event, such as the death of a loved one, a new or stressful job, or planning a wedding. It normally resolves itself on its own, but if treatment is required, a low dose of a sedative-hypnotic medication such a Zolpidem or Temazepam may be prescribed for one to two weeks. Watch out for these 11 habits that can cause insomnia.