Beware of booze
Most of us associate bloating with beer (hence the term "beer belly") but any alcoholic beverage could make your stomach puff up for multiple reasons, according to gastroenterologist Robynne Chutkan, MD, in her book The Bloat Cure: 101 Natural Solutions for Real and Lasting Relief. Alcohol wipes out the beneficial bacteria in your digestive system that normally keep bloat in check; it can lead to gastritis and liver damage, both of which cause bloat; and it’s high in calories. However, you don’t need to abstain completely. Just try to consume no more than a drink a day. Read on for more of Dr. Chutkan's natural solutions to reduce stomach bloating.
Cut down on caffeine
Since caffeine is a well-known diuretic, it’s logical to expect to move water and salt out of your body, and thus reduce bloating. But caffeine may cause dehydration, which makes your digestive system sluggish and possibly lead to blockages. We regret to inform coffee fans, but when it comes to bloat, the less caffeine the better. Here is when bloating is normal (and when it's not).
Skip the sports drinks
Sports drinks are marketed as an alternative to soda, but unless you’re a pro athlete or exercising like one, give them a pass. These beverages are full of artificial sweeteners, extra sodium, and other salts, all of which can cause bloating. Many also have a surprising amount of calories. After you work out, replenish your fluids with plain old water or unsweetened, unflavored coconut water.
Look beyond the beans
We all know that beans cause gas, but did you know that kale, cauliflower, and broccoli contain the same gas-inducing compound, called raffinose? Because our bodies are unable to completely digest naturally occurring raffinose, the bacteria in the colon ferment it, creates stinky methane, and causes bloating. You should not eliminate these veggies from your diet since their nutritional benefits far outweigh the bloating drawbacks, but you can take Beano or Bean-zyme (they contain an enzyme that helps break down raffinose) before you’re about to consume any of them. Check out these convincing reasons beans help with weight loss.
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Switch out processed soy
Soy contains compounds that are chemically similar to estrogens and have estrogen-like effects, including bloating and weight gain. You should reduce the amount of processed, unfermented soy (the kind found in soy milk and soy cheese) that you consume. However, eating small amounts of unprocessed fermented soy such as miso, natto, and tempeh is okay, says Dr. Chutkan. If you’re lactose intolerant and rely on soy milk as your dairy substitute, substitute almond milk, coconut milk, or rice milk instead.
Respect your body's rhythms
Your body follows its own cycle, and that goes for your digestive system, too. Like your brain, your stomach is more active during the day and quieter at night. This means that the later you consume a big meal, the slower your GI tract digests it. Also, the later in the day it is, the less likely you are to be up and on your feet, allowing gravity to assist in moving your system. So shrink your meal sizes as the day goes on. If you want to go out to eat, go for lunch or brunch. Added bonus: These meals are usually cheaper than dinner, so you’ll save money. Here's how eating late at night can make you fat.
Fill up on fiber (the right way)
You probably don’t need to be told that a high-fiber diet is good for you. But what you should know is that supersize servings of fiber can sometimes block your digestive system. This is more likely to occur if your stomach and intestines are unaccustomed to such a diet or if you’re not consuming enough water to flush out your GI tract. To avoid these effects, always drink plenty of water with your meals; try to ingest your fiber earlier in the day, when your stomach is most active; space it out so you don’t eat all your fiber in one meal; and take a vigorous walk after you eating to trigger peristalsis, the natural movement of your gut muscles.
Eat measured amounts of meat
Meat takes more time for your digestive system to break down and pass through, leading to bloat. In addition, as much as 80 percent of the antibiotics sold in the U.S. are given to the animals raised for our plates. “Eating a lot of meat can expose you to unhealthy amounts of antibiotics that throw your gut bacteria out of whack and fill you with gas,” says Dr. Chutkan. Adjust your diet so that you consume no more than four ounces of animal protein a day.
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We’ll let Dr. Chutkan give it to you straight. “Smoking is guaranteed to add to your bloat in three important ways,” she explains. “You end up inhaling and swallowing a lot of air when you smoke; the toxins in cigarette smoke cause inflammation in the lining of your stomach and intestines, which makes you bloated and uncomfortable; and smoking kills of benefical bacteria in your digestive tract, leading to overgrowth of bloat-causing bad bacteria.” Here are 23 tips to help you quit smoking for good.
Ready to beat bloat?
Robynne Chutkan, MD, is the founder of the Digestive Center for Women in Chevy Chase, Maryland, as well as a faculty member at Georgetown University Medical Center in Washington, D.C. During the course of her practice, she has treated thousands of patients who've been troubled by bloating and gas. If you're interested in learning more about the different causes of bloat and how to combat them, take a look at her book The Bloat Cure: 101 Natural Solutions for Real and Lasting Relief.