abc1234/ShutterstockDon’t try solving your late-night munchies with a trip to the drive-through. Greasy, fatty foods get through your system slower than protein and carbs, so your body will still be hard at work by the time you try falling asleep, says behavioral sleep consultant Richard Shane, PhD, creator of the Sleep Easily Method. “You don’t want the engine of the digestive system cranking away when the rest of your body is trying to go to sleep,” he says. Find out why you crave junk food when you're tired.
successo images/ShutterstockThe reasons to avoid spicy foods before bed are twofold. For one, they can irritate the stomach and cause heartburn, making it hard to wind down for sleep, says Dr. Shane. The interaction also creates a passage for histamines to release into your body, says W Christopher Winter, MD, president of the Charlottesville Neurology and Sleep Clinic and author of The Sleep Solution: Why Your Sleep Is Broken and How to Fix It. “Anti-histamines make you sleepy,” he says, but on the flip side, histamines promote wakefulness.
Shannon Jordan/ShutterstockForget what you’ve heard about how the tryptophan in turkey makes you sleepy on Thanksgiving—you can blame your food coma on the massive portions you gobbled down. In fact, turkey on any other day might actually keep you awake. The protein signals the brain to produce dopamine, the “motivation molecule” that gives you energy. You might want to avoid chicken and steak close to bedtime, but there’s still a way to get your protein fix. “Game meat and salmon are higher in melatonin,” says Dr. Winter. “Those are good for sleep.” On the flip side, make sure you never these 10 things if you want to live a long life.
Olha Tsiplyar/ShutterstockEnding your day with a glass (or two) of red wine might conk you out, but you won’t be getting good quality sleep. As your head hits the pillow, your liver is still hard at work trying to remove the alcohol from your system, says Dr. Shane. “There’s a connection between your liver and your heart, and your heart beats faster, and that wakes you up,” he says. Once you snap out of dreamland, your pounding heart will make it harder to drift back into sleep. Instead of wine, try these 11 natural sleep aids that actually work.
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Shulevskyy Volodymyr/ShutterstockYou probably wouldn’t down a cup of coffee before bed, but it’s not the only source of caffeine. One ounce of chocolate (about three squares) contains about 23 milligrams of caffeine, which is a quarter of the amount in a cup of coffee. (These are the 50 things nutritionists never eat—so you shouldn't either.)
Itziar Telletxea/ShutterstockMost of the time, extra hydration deserves two thumbs up. As the clock ticks toward bedtime, though, you might want to wind down your liquid load so you don’t need to drag yourself out of bed to use the bathroom. “Drink a sufficient amount of water during the day and even at dinnertime so your body has enough water,” says Dr. Shane. “You don’t want to go to bed thirsty and drink a lot then.” If you do need to sip something, try these best drinks to help you sleep.
Krit Kongcharoenpanich/ShutterstockNo surprise here, but it’s worth noting just how soon before bed you should cut your coffee consumption. “With caffeine, the general rule in the sleep field is no later than early afternoon,” says Dr. Shane. To enjoy the taste with a mid-afternoon sweet fix, sip on decaf or half-caf, he says. Learn about more of the eating habits that ruin your sleep.
Coffee ice cream
stockcreations/ShutterstockUnfortunately for your after-dinner dessert, coffee ice cream does contain actual coffee—and its caffeine. Some even have bits of coffee beans in them, points out Dr. Winter. “If you can, reduce the amount of ice cream you eat or have it earlier,” he says. Also, watch out for hidden caffeine in nutrition bars, which can contain coffee beans, he says.
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pelfophoto/ShutterstockSports shakes and snacks often contain caffeine to pump up athletes’ performance. Try not to take them close to bedtime, and check the label in your protein shake when you finish your gym session to make sure caffeine isn’t hiding inside. “Make sure the workout drinks you’re eating before bed is a post-workout, not a pre-workout, which will have a lot of caffeine or stimulants,” says Dr. Winter. Instead, try these 16 bedtime snacks that help you sleep better.