People who live well-organized lives tend to live longer than less careful types, perhaps because they look after their health better and avoid risky behavior, concludes the U.S.-based Longevity Project, a landmark eight-decade study.
Shop til you drop
Shop regularly and you may live longer, found a 10-year study of around 2,000 people over age 65 in Taiwan. The researchers found that men who shopped daily had a 28 percent lower risk of dying early than those who shopped less often; among women, the risk reduction was 23 percent. Social contact, better physical fitness, and greater mental agility are the key factors.
Have some curry
Curry may boost your mental abilities, according to research out of Singapore. They looked at the diet of more than 1,000 Indian villagers aged 60 to 93 and found that those who ate curry even just twice a year scored better on cognitive performance tests than people who didn’t. Turmeric, the yellow spice used in most curries, contains the plant chemical curcumin, which has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and cholesterol-lowering properties.
A U.S. study on 68 older adults revealed that those who joined a choir were in better health, used less medication, were less lonely, and had fewer falls after a year than a similar group of nonsingers. This could in part be due to the impact that singing has on breathing, but the emotional benefits of giving voice in a crowd may be just as important. So if you enjoy it, whatever the quality of your voice, try to find the chance to sing communally, whether in a formal choir, at a family singalong, in church or temple, or in a crowd of thousands at a football game.
Search the Internet to keep your brain active. In one study people age 55 to 76 who carried out a series of web searches all showed increased activity in regions of the brain that control language, reading, memory, and visual ability. Those who already surfed regularly showed a significant boost in the areas that deal with decision-making and complex reasoning.
Play with grandchildren
A study of families in East London revealed the myriad benefits to both older and younger generations of this kind of interaction, including giving you the chance to pass on family values and traditions and to teach practical skills.
Don’t retire young
Researchers from the Longevity Project found that many long-lived, successful professionals worked (at least part-time) well after retirement age. We’re conditioned to think that working hard can inflict unhealthy levels of stress. But this research suggests that success, even in a demanding job, can enhance well-being. So if you’re in good health, you may not want to give up work entirely.
Love your age
Think positively about your time of life and you’ll live longer. One U.S. study asked people 50 and over how they felt about a range of statements designed to assess their outlook on the future. Almost three decades later, follow-up research found that those who viewed aging in a hopeful way had lived an average of 7.5 years longer than those with a more pessimistic outlook. You’re more likely to have better coping strategies and be more likely to seek support when you have problems if you try to see your cup as half full, rather than half empty.
Embrace thick skin
Those who can weather what Shakespeare called “the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune” are more likely to live to a ripe old age, suggest studies from Harvard University. Psychological hardiness (mental resilience in the face of stress, anxiety, and depression) is crucial for survival, especially as we get older.
Don’t assume you need less sleep
It’s a common myth that we need fewer hours of sleep as we age, but evidence suggests this is not true. Sleep disorder experts have found that having fewer than six hours of sleep a night can adversely affect your mood. To nod off more easily, try to go to bed and get up at more or less the same time each day, and ban late-night googling, online shopping, or TV watching.