Exercise benefits, such as lowering cholesterol or boosting your mood, aren’t anything you haven’t heard of before. But if you need even more workout motivation, know that just a few minutes of exercise a day could help you live a longer life.
According to research published in The Lancet, 15 minutes of exercise a day can boost life expectancy by three years—and cut the risk of death from common causes like heart disease and cancer by 14 percent. That said, additional studies have found other amounts of physical activity could add years to your life too. Even 75 minutes of moderate exercise or walking per week improved life expectancy by 1.8 years, as well as 300 minutes by 3.4 years, and 500 minutes by 4.5 years, per published research. Alexis Halpern, MD, an emergency medicine physician at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center, notes, however, that even more studies are necessary since there is no definitive science giving an exact number.
Although there might not be a magical amount of exercise for a longer life, other studies have found that exercise also reduces your risk for certain diseases, Carolyn Dean, MD, ND a Medical Advisory Board Member at the Nutritional Magnesium Association says. “One study found that only two-and-a-half hours of brisk walking a week cut the risk of diabetes by 30 percent,” Dr. Dean says. Similarly, some studies have found that exercise can lower blood pressure, reduce the risk of stroke, ward off Alzheimer’s disease, and even reduce the risk of some cancers, according to Dr. Dean. Plus, staying active has psychological benefits since endorphins are released with exercise, leading to a better mood, research shows.
A brighter mood is just one of the benefits both men and women can experience from extra exercise. According to Bert R. Mandelbaum, M.D, author of The Win Within: Capturing Your Victorious Spirit, however, women are outliving men by about four years—and the gap was previously wider. There are so many factors that impact life expectancy, so it is unclear if exercise makes a bigger difference in men versus women. Some evidence, according to Dr. Halpern, shows that low to moderate levels of exercise like walking help prevent cardiovascular disease and diabetes more in women than men. Here are the common conditions that affect men and women differently.
Gender aside, if you are looking to add more physical activity to your life remember that something is better than nothing when it comes to exercise, Dr. Dean says. Although, some workouts could be better life-boosters than others. For example, one study found the top exercises for longevity were tennis or racquetball, swimming, and aerobics, according to Dr. Dean. “Among the people who did 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous activity each week, people who played racquet sports had a 47 percent lower risk of dying during the nine-year study than people who didn’t exercise,” she says. Walking, swimming, Tai chi, and strength training are all excellent exercise options too, according to Dr. Halpern and Yasmine S. Ali, MD, an Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine, at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.
All-in-all, the best workout is simply the one you consistently enjoy the most. Because, as Dr. Halpern says, “If you don’t like it, you won’t do it.” Next, check out the best workouts for people who hate exercise.