You have a greater risk of heart disease
Dora Milanovich/Shutterstock Some 31 million Americans are breakfast skippers, studies show. Some are trying to cut calories, some are too busy during the morning rush, and others say they just don’t feel hungry. But despite some reports, the research overwhelmingly shows that eating a good breakfast is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. A study from Harvard University found that men who skipped breakfast had a 27 percent greater risk of heart attack or heart disease than those who dug in. Although they haven’t pinpointed a direct cause, researchers suspect that remaining in a fasting state for longer is stressful and makes the body work harder, causing metabolic changes. “The changes in hormones to help maintain blood sugar levels and the trend toward weight gain in patients who skip breakfast has been linked to heart disease,” says Christian J. Gastelum, MD, an endocrinologist at PIH Health in Whittier, California. These changes lead to plaque buildup in the arteries, upping your chances of heart problems.
You’re more likely to get diabetes
Africa Studio/Shutterstock Skipping that bowl of oatmeal or yogurt parfait could mess with your blood sugar. Another Harvard study found that women who regularly didn’t eat breakfast had a 20 percent increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. “Skipping the morning meal is linked with impaired glucose tolerance and that is further associated with the development of prediabetes and diabetes,” Dr. Gastelum says. The theory is the irregular blood sugar spikes that occur when we fast for a long time and then eat a lot because we’re hungry put a strain on the body, which can lead to insulin resistance. If you have diabetes, here are the breakfast rules all diabetics should follow.