That seemingly innocent faucet drip
yuratosno3/ShutterstockA leaky faucet is annoying enough on its own for the drip-drip-drip sound it makes, but that pesky leak is also costing you money, not to mention all that good water going down the drain. A little drip may not seem like much, but a drip calculator from the American Water Works Association puts it into perspective: 30 drips per minute means a waste of 4.32 gallons of water per day, 129.6 gallons per month, and over 1,576 gallons per year. "Take a look at basic household leaks, from hose heads to kitchen faucets. While these leaks might be tolerable initially, they can cause major damage to the structure of a home over time, resulting in thousands of dollars in repair costs," says Allen Shayanfekr, real estate expert and Co-Founder & CEO of Sharestates. Check for leaks you can't see, like in the attic or in unused parts of the basement, and fix them as soon as possible to prevent more extensive (and costly) damage down the road. Don't miss the things plumbers won't tell you—but you really should know.
Those long, steamy showers
futureGalore/ShutterstockWe love our hot shower and baths, but that monster water heater takes a lot of energy to keep things toasty. If you have an older water heater, John Hale, owner of Mr. Electric of Augusta, a Neighborly company, recommends wrapping the water heater in an insulated blanket to save around $20 on gas and $50 on electric heating annually. If budget allows, replace the old water heater with an energy efficient model and save up to 50 percent more per year. Additional unnecessary costs come from the temperature setting being too high. According to Energy.gov, the idea temperature is 120 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature on the water heater is set at 140 degrees or more, you risk not only scalding yourself, but also wasting $36 to $61 a year in standby heat losses and more than $400 annually in demand losses.
Leaving all the lights on
POPimage/ShutterstockTurning off the lights in rooms you're not using is one way to save cash, but there's a more substantial way to stop lighting your money on fire: "A common fix is replacing incandescent lights with LEDs," says Shayanfekr. According to Energy.gov, if you replace your home's five most frequently used light fixtures with LED bulbs, you could save $75 a year. Switching to LED bulbs is a small investment but it pays off—they generally last 3 to 25 times longer than an incandescent bulb. Smart home owners do these things once a year.
Backed up dryer hose
Mehmet-Dilsiz/ShutterstockSpring cleaning isn't the only time you should check your dryer vent hose. Danny Lipford, a home improvement expert and host of Today's Homeowner TV and Radio, recommends inspecting and cleaning the hose on a regular basis. "Neglecting this task makes your dryer work overtime, adding 30 percent to your energy bill. You can purchase a $10 dryer vent brush at any home center, remove the built-up lint and start enjoying the savings immediately," Lipford says.
Cracks and crevices
Radovan1/ShutterstockRunning the furnace in the winter and the A/C in the summer certainly makes our homes more comfortable, but random cracks and crevices you walk by every day are letting that heat and cool air escape. "If you add up all of the cracks and crevices in a home where conditioned/heated air can escape, you'd have the equivalent of a 3x3-foot hole in the wall," says Lipford. If you want to pocket around 10 to 15 percent of your energy bill, start by sealing those escape routes. Caulk around door and window frames, and use weather stripping and door draft seals. Inspect the exterior of the home and seal around any protrusions like hose bibs and vents, Lipford suggests. Don't miss the other maintenance tasks all homeowners should be doing on the regular to avoid large costs.
Lack of insulation
Artazum/ShutterstockForty percent of a home's heat loss takes place through the attic, according to Lipford. "Heat rises, and naturally wants to escape through the attic." He suggests adding an attic stair cover or additional insulation to prevent loss of heat during the winter months. "Adding attic insulation has proven to be the very best return on investment for the home improvement dollar. Taking these steps can save homeowners 15 to 20 percent on their winter energy bill," Lipford adds.
Dirty, clogged A/C
553886722/ShutterstockIf it ain't broke, don't fix it, right? That phrase doesn't apply here. Central air conditioning is a major monthly cost. We're happy to hear it humming along and think nothing of it until something goes wrong. "One of the main things homeowners don't realize is that a dirty air filter, low refrigerant levels, and dirty or clogged A/C units can cost more to operate," says John Collins owner of Air Doctor, LLC. "The A/C system can run up to 30 percent longer in a 24-hour period. The increased electrical use can cost an extra $50 or more per month," says Collins. "The homeowner should schedule A/C maintenance at least every other year for the first 10 years and then annually after that," says Collins. Every homeowner needs to know these 35 things.
Old, leaky windows
avtk/ShutterstockSaving money on household bills sometimes means doing away with the old and bringing in the new. "Older or inefficient windows can have a major effect on your energy bill," says Nathan Outlaw CEO, Onvico, a general contracting and engineering company. Older or inefficient windows lose a lot of heat through leaks in the winter. In summer, a standard double-pane window will allow up to 75 percent of the sun's heat into your home. Replacing a house full of windows isn't cheap. but according to Energy Star, a typical home could save $126 to $465 a year when replacing single-pane windows and $27 to $111 a year over double-pane, clear glass replacement windows. If you're in the market for new windows, take note of the R-value and U-factor of the window. "The R-value is resistance to heat flow through the window and U-value is used to measure the effectiveness of a material as an insulator," notes Outlaw. "When shopping for windows you want to get windows with a lower U-value as they will have a higher resistance to heat flow," Outlaw adds.
ChaiyonS021/ShutterstockTermites, those "silent destroyers," can quietly eat through the wood of a home 24 hours a day, seven days a week. "The damage to critical support beams inside and often out of sight can compromise the structural stability and safety of a home," says Cindy Mannes, Vice President of Public Affairs, National Pest Management Association (NPMA). Outside, termites can damage trees and beams for flower beds and trellises, resulting in costly repairs or replacement. "After a particularly mild, warmer winter, termite swarming is an even bigger issue for homeowners," says Mannes. "The NPMA is advising homeowners to remain vigilant, and routinely inspect the foundation of their home for signs of termites, including mud tubes, cracked or bubbling paint, and soft wood that sounds hollow when tapped." If you're a first time home buyer, be ready for these surprising costs.
Not using ceiling fans
Africa-Studio/ShutterstockCeiling fans could cut costs by as much as 40 percent in the summer and 15 percent in the winter. "In the summer, the fan blades should spin counterclockwise to not trap heat," says J.B. Sassano, President of Mr. Handyman, a Neighborly company. While you may not think of using a ceiling fan in the winter, it's a clever way to keep the heat in your room. Bonus: It uses only about 75 watts of energy when helping take a load off your furnace. "That's a fraction of the thousands of watts it takes to fully run the heat," say Sassano. For the winter, switch the blades so they're spinning clockwise to trap the heat inside of the room. You may want to pick up a timer, so you don't accidentally leave the fan on when you're not in the room.