7 Better Ways to Cook Superfoods
Veggies contain antioxidants that are fat soluble (meaning your body absorbs them better when they’re paired with a fat) and water soluble (nutrients leach out if food is prepared in water). Maximize superfood health benefits with this cheat sheet courtesy of food scientist Bradley Bolling, PhD.
How: Season with turmeric or curry powder and bake.
Why: Boiling purple potatoes releases hard-won anthocyanins into the water; baking retains them. Adding in a phytochemical-rich seasoning like turmeric gives you a double dose of disease-fighting antioxidants.
How: Chop into wedges, let sit for 15 minutes, then roast at 375°F to 400°F for 20 minutes.
Why: When a cut onion is allowed to rest, an enzyme forms that creates health-promoting sulfur compounds throughout the entire onion. Roasting it preserves the phytochemicals—and provides the bonus of a sweet, caramelized flavor.
How: Peel carefully, coat in oil, and roast.
Why: The healthy polyacetylene compounds found in carrots are concentrated near the surface; peel too aggressively and you risk losing them. Polyacetylenes are fat soluble, so you won’t lose them by boiling or steaming, but roasting these veggies makes them taste best.
How: Roast ears, then cut kernels off cob and pop them into vegetable broth with fresh herbs like thyme and basil to make a fresh corn chowder.
Why: Roasting corn first heightens the flavor. Cooking and serving it in broth will extract and retain corn’s water-soluble phytochemicals.
How: Coat with oil and grill.
Why: Grilling maximizes phytochemicals by breaking down the plant-cell walls. Add a little oil for flavor and to help your body absorb those valuable carotenoids.