Make an honest list of all the things you like about smoking.
Draw a line down the center of a piece of paper and write them on one side; on the other side make a list of all the things you dislike, such as how it can interfere with your health, work, family, etc., suggests Daniel Z. Lieberman, M.D., director of the Clinical Psychiatric Research Center at George Washington University Medical Center in Washington, D.C. Think about the list over time, and make changes. If you are brave enough, get feedback from family and friends about things they donât like about your use of cigarettes. When the negative side outweighs the positive side, you are ready to quit.
Then make another list of why quitting wonât be easy.
Be thorough, even if the list gets long and discouraging. Hereâs the important part: Next to each entry, list one or more options for overcoming that challenge. For instance, one item might be: âNicotine is an addictive drug.â Your option might be: âTry a nicotine replacement alternative.â Another reason might be: âSmoking helps me deal with stress.â Your option might be: âTake five-minute walks instead.â The more you anticipate the challenges to quitting, and their solutions, the better your chance of success.
Set a quit date.
Write a âquit date contractâ that includes your signature and that of a supportive witness.
Write all your reasons for quitting on an index card.
Here are some to get you started: âMy daughter, my granddaughter, my husband, my wifeâ¦ââ¨ You get the idea. Keep it near you at all times.
As youâre getting ready to quit, stop buying cartons of cigarettes.
Instead, only buy a pack at a time, and only carry two or three with you at a time (try putting them in an Altoids tin). Eventually youâll find that when you want a smoke, you wonât have any immediately available. That will slowly wean you down to fewer cigarettes.
Keep a list of when you smoke for a week before quitting.
Also note what you're doing at the time and how bad the craving is to see if specific times of the day or activities increase your cravings, suggests Gaylene Mooney, chair of the American Association for Respiratory Careâs Subcommittee on Smoking and Tobacco-Related Issues.
Prepare a list of things to do when a craving hits.
Suggestions include: take a walk, drink a glass of water, kiss your partner or child, throw the ball for the dog, play a game, wash the car, clean out a cupboard or closet, have sex, chew a piece of gum, wash your face, brush your teeth, take a nap, get a cup of coffee or tea, practice your deep breathing, light a candle. Make copies of the list and keep one with you at all times so when the craving hits, you can whip out the list and quickly do something from it.
Quit when youâre in a good mood.
Studies find that youâre less likely to be a successful quitter if you quit when youâre depressed or under a great deal of stress.
When your quit date arrives, throw out anything that reminds you of smoking.
That includes all smoking paraphernalia â leftover cigarettes, matches, lighters, ashtrays, cigarette holders, even the lighter in your car.
Put all the money youâre saving on cigarettes in a large glass jar.
You want to physically see how much youâve been spending. Earmark that money for something youâve always dreamed of doing, but never thought you could afford, be it a cruise to Alaska or a first-class ticket to visit an old college friend.
Switch to decaf until youâve been cigarette-free for two months.
Too much caffeine while quitting can cause the jitters.
Think of difficult things you have done in the past.
Ask people who know you well to remind you of challenges you have successfully overcome, says Dr. Lieberman. This will give you the necessary self-confidence to stick with your pledge not to smoke.
Find a healthy snack food you can carry with you.
In place of smoking cigarettes, try sunflower seeds, sugar-free lollipops, or gum, or carrot or celery sticks if you're concerned about weight gain. You can also switch your cigarette habit for a nut habit, and eat four nuts in their shell for every cigarette you want to smoke. This way, you're using your hands and your mouth, getting the same physical and oral sensations you get from smoking.
Switch to a cup of herbal tea whenever you usually have a cigarette.
The act of brewing the tea and slowing sipping it as it cools will provide the same stress relief as a hit of nicotine. Or carry cinnamon-flavored toothpicks and suck on one whenever a cig craving hits.
Instead of a cigarette break at work, play a game of solitaire on your computer.
It takes about the same time and is much more fun (although, like cigarettes, it can get addictive). If your company prohibits games like that, find another five-minute diversion: a phone call, a stroll, or eating a piece of fruit outdoors (but not where smokers congregate).
Picture yourself playing tennis.
Or go play tennis. British researchers found volunteers trying to quit smoking were better able to ignore their urges to smoke when they were told to visualize a tennis match.
Create a smoke-free zone.
Donât allow anyone to use tobacco in your home, car, or even while sitting next to you in a restaurant. Make actual âNo Smokingâ signs and hang them around your house and in your car.
Post this list in a visible location in your house.
Whenever youâre tempted to light up, take a look at all the ways smoking can damage your health:
• Increases risk of lung, bladder, pancreatic, mouth, esophageal, and other cancers, including leukemia
• Increases risk of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure
• Increases risk of diabetes
• Reduces levels of folate, low levels of which can increase the risk of heart disease, depression, and Alzheimerâs disease
• Affects mental capacity and memory
• Contributes to thin bones
• Increases likelihood of impotence
• Reduces fertility
• Affects ability to smell and taste
• Results in low-birth-weight, premature babies
• Increases risk of depression in adolescents
• Increases your childâs risk of obesity and diabetes later in life if you smoked while pregnant
To minimize cravings, change your routine.
Sit in a different chair at breakfast or take a different route to work. If you usually have a drink and cigarette after work, change that to a walk. If youâre used to a smoke with your morning coffee, switch to tea, or stop at Starbucks for a cup of javaâthe chain is smoke-free.
Swing by the health food store for some Avena sativa (oat) extract.
One study found that, taken at 1 milliliters four times daily, it helped habitual tobacco smokers significantly decrease the number of cigarettes they smoked.
Tell your friends, coworkers, boss, partner, and kids how you feel.
Don't bottle up your emotions. If something makes you angry, express it instead of smothering it with cigarette smoke. If youâre bored, admit to yourself that youâre bored and find something energetic to do instead of lighting up.
Make an appointment with an acupuncturist.
Thereâs some evidence that auricular acupuncture (i.e., needles in the ears) curbs cigarette cravings quite successfully, says Ather Ali, N.D., a naturopathic physician completing a National Institutes of Health-sponsored postdoctoral research fellowship at the Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center in Derby, Connecticut. You can even do it yourself by taping âseedsâ (small beads) onto the acupuncture points and squeezing them whenever cravings arise.
If you relapse, just start again.
You havenât failed. Some people have to quit as many as eight times before they are successful.