15 Things You’re Doing to Your Car That Mechanics Wouldn’t
Yes, you need to "warm up" your car.
Keep your car in the best shape possible
There are all sorts of things you're doing to your car, and while driving, that might seem totally harmless. But, according to mechanics, some of these behaviors can inflict wear and tear on your car that you might not expect. And they're totally separate from the things you shouldn't be doing in your car.
Stop and start aggressively
As glamorous as movies and TV shows might make it seem to slam on the accelerator and peel out onto the road, this is really not good for your car. Neither is braking super abruptly. Though the latter is sometimes necessary for safety reasons, you should definitely avoid doing it willy-nilly. "Love to peel away from a stop? Your mechanic will love you for it," warns Matt Schmitz, assistant managing editor of Cars.com. "Driving gently will prolong your car’s life, and it will improve fuel efficiency and overall safety in the process." In addition, slamming on the brakes repeatedly can wear on (what else?) the brakes.
Using the wrong octane level of fuel
You probably already know that putting diesel in a gas car can be dangerous—and if not, this is what can happen if you put diesel fuel in a gas car. But this applies to different octane levels of gasoline, too. "Vehicles are designed to run on a specific grade [of] gas," says Jill Trotta, VP of the Auto Team at RepairPal. For instance, using lower-grade fuel in a high-performance vehicle can cause a decline in performance. And while doing the opposite, putting higher-grade fuel into a car than can run on regular ol' gas, won't cause any harm, there's just no reason to do it. "[It's] a waste of money and any performance benefit noted is most likely perceived and not real," Trotta explains.
How often do you clean your car? Probably not often enough, according to Richard Reina, Product Training Director at CARiD.com. In addition to keeping the interior clean to prevent germs from accumulating on the surfaces you touch, keep an eye on the exterior as well. The paint and metal surfaces can deteriorate if you're constantly letting dirt build up. And keep in mind that even the most thorough washing of the exterior of your car will probably neglect the undercarriage. "[The undercarriage] should receive a good wash at least once a quarter to remove any chemicals or debris that can cause corrosion and ultimately result in rust holes," Reina says. He adds that cleaning your car is especially important during weather changes. And, of course, keeping the body clean and in good shape will also make your car more sellable! Find out the things that people with clean cars have in common.
Driving full throttle right away
The directive that you need to "warm up" your car by letting your engine idle for a few minutes before you drive is somewhat outdated—it only applies to old carbureted engines. Idling your combustion engine like that really just wastes fuel; the best way to "warm up" your engine is by, well, driving it. You still should give your engine some time to warm up, but instead of letting your engine idle, you should just take care to "go easy on" your car right at first. "An engine will warm up faster if you drive lightly—no hard acceleration—for the first couple of minutes," says Jenni Newman, editor-in-chief at Cars.com. You should especially take care to do this if you're heading right onto a highway or climbing a hill.
Shifting gears aggressively
We've already been over how hitting the gas and brakes aggressively and forcing your car to respond puts unnecessary strain on it. But the same is true for shifting gears abruptly and then immediately trying to get the car to go again. (Or stopping the car—abruptly throwing your car into park can be just as damaging as shifting rapidly between Drive and Reverse.) This is another tactic that seems beneficial when you're in a rush, but Schmitz cautions against it. "Shifting while your car is still in motion can damage your transmission," he says. Make sure your car is at a complete stop before shifting gears. And if your car is always jerky when starting and stopping, that could be one of the signs your car is about to die.
Driving until you're almost out of gas
This is another finger-wagging driving tip that you may have heard but probably don't give much thought to following. And, of course, sometimes driving till you're very low on gas can't be avoided. But you should probably be trying! "Driving while the tank is low is a bad habit that mechanics and engineers will always avoid," says Jake McKenzie, Content Manager at Auto Accessories Garage. If you drive when your tank is lower than a quarter of the way full, "the detritus and debris that are in your gas tank will typically settle on the bottom," McKenzie explains. "When you let your vehicle run on fumes, you’ll be pumping a concentrated amount of gunk through your engine." And, needless to say, that's not great for it.
In addition, having plenty of gas in your tank will actually make your vehicle run more efficiently. "You’ll actually get better gas mileage when you have more gas in the tank" when the gasoline is emitting fewer fumes, McKenzie says. "Even though you’ll be carrying more weight, when there is less empty space in your tank, the gasoline will emit fewer fumes, and you’ll see more bang for your buck." You probably know what the gas light means, but can you identify these other lights you'll see on your dashboard?
"Power braking is one of the worst things you can do for an automatic transmission car," explains Christopher Grozdon, Co-founder and CMO of DASH-SEO. "It's basically fully pressing the brake first and then pressing the accelerator simultaneously until the wheels are about to budge. Then, releasing the brake causes an accelerated 'launch' of sorts." This can be a bravado-infused "rev" of your car—a big no-no—but a less aggressive version of it can also be a common safety measure. You may have learned, perhaps even in driving school, a way to prevent your car from rolling backward when you're braked on a hill and start moving again. It's to do exactly that: With your foot still on the brake, hit the gas as well so that when your car starts moving, it's moving forward.
But, unfortunately, doing this can harm the transmission, engine, and even the brakes. Instead of using a "power braking" method, Grozdon recommends twisting your wheels to the left or right, as you would when parking on a hill, to keep your car from rolling backward too far. Brush up a little more on some things you've probably forgotten since driving school.
Letting tire pressure get too low
Understanding how tire pressure works can toe the boundary into confusing car jargon. But there are still unfortunate consequences to neglecting this important car feature. And keeping an eye on it is not as challenging as you might think; in fact, Reina calls it "one of the easiest and cheapest checks to perform." "Check your vehicle’s suggested pressure for each tire—check the exact numbers on the tire pressure label, usually found in the driver’s door jamb," he advises. One thing he stresses is that you should be doing this "check" after your car hasn't been driven for a little while, to avoid an inaccurate reading from the heat and friction created by driving. In general, think about doing this check around once a month—don't assume it'll automatically be done when you get an oil change. And speaking of oil changes...
Neglecting oil changes
Getting an oil change can be one of the most burdensome car repairs to stay on top of, especially since it needs to be done fairly frequently compared to many others. But don't neglect it! Keep an eye on your car's oil level. "The car's oil ensures that all parts of your engine run smoothly, so it's critical that its level is maintained and kept in order," says Bryan Rodgers, Owner of Rodgers Performance, a top-dealer alternative Audi repair and service specialist. Experts recommend consulting your mechanic, and/or your car's manual, to get a good idea of how often you actually need an oil change, and then set yourself a reminder, that you're going to acknowledge, accordingly. Make sure you're ignoring the worst car advice mechanics have ever heard.